“THE WILL TO LEAD” – A LEADING BOOK OF THE YEAR

September 29, 2016

National Review on September 22, 2016, published an article by former NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen of Denmark introducing his new book “The Will to Lead”. Excerpts below:

I believe we have reached a point in time where there is a need to create an overwhelming, credible, and strong liberal democratic supremacy, to counterbalance the rising and assertive autocracies. The next American president should therefore use his or her convening power to bring together the world’s democracies in a strong Alliance for Democracy. Such an alliance would bring together nations from around the world whose common characteristic would be that they are democracies.

The objective of the Alliance would be to create a forum where the world’s democracies could meet on a regular basis to discuss global issues, coordinate their policies, and possibly take joint action to reinforce liberal democratic values around the world. The Alliance would be a forum where the world’s democracies could meet on a regular basis to discuss global issues, coordinate their policies, and possibly take joint action to reinforce liberal democratic values.

In more concrete terms, the Alliance for Democracy could conceivably have five tasks. First, it could help confront common security challenges, including terrorism. Second, it should work to make the liberal capitalist democracies more prosperous, competitive, and attractive by promoting commerce, economic growth, and job creation. Third, the Alliance for Democracy could help promote democracy directly, through advice, support, and assistance. Fourth, the Alliance could be a forum for the coordination of policies in other international organizations. The Alliance should not replace or dilute existing international organizations, but it is important for the world’s democracies to have a forum where they can coordinate their policies in the U.N. and other international organizations — not least, so that they that could push for reforms to make the U.N. more effective. Fifth, the Alliance for Democracy could be used for joint action, particularly humanitarian interventions, and to use its muscle to push and persuade members of the Security Council, including Russia and China.

The Alliance for Democracy would not only bolster the identity and potency of democracy in the world, it would also allow the free world to negotiate from a much-needed position of unity and strength. At a time when forces of oppression are trying to regain ground, the free world, led by the United States, has to rally behind its guiding principles for the sake of its own citizens and the millions of people caught in unfree and autocratic regimes. The next president must make us all dream big again and fulfill the hope of a freedom-based world order.

Anders Fogh Rasmussen served as Denmark’s prime minister from 2001 until he was elected secretary general of NATO, in which office he served from 2009 to 2014. His new book,”The Will to Lead: America’s Indispensable Role in the Global Fight for Freedom” is published by HarperCollins/Broadside Books and in Danish by Jyllands-Posten forlag

REPUBLICAN SENATORS: U.S. SHOULD LOOK TO NORWAY AND SWEDEN TO UNDERSTAND REFUGEE DANGERS

September 27, 2016

Washington Examiner on September 27, 2016, reported that two Republican senators pointed to Scandinavia to argue that Donald Trump supporters are raising legitimate concerns about the danger of opening the United States’ doors to refugees. Excerpts below:

“One need not support Mr. Trump to acknowledge these reasonable concerns of the 14 million Republicans who voted for him in the primaries and the tens of millions who will vote for him in November,”wrote Sen. Mike Pompeo, R-Kan., and Sen. Tom Cotton, R- Ark., in a Wall Street Journal opinion piece.

The senators argued that their recent visit Norway and Sweden convinced them that the… response to the influx of immigrants can provide a lesson for the domestic political establishment. They asserted that the attitudes of many Swedish leaders parallel those held by American politicians. The senators, on the other hand, have argued against taking in massive numbers of refugees.

“Norwegian leaders responded to similar concerns and their country is safe and stable. Swedish leaders didn’t and their country faces economic, social, and political upheaval. There is a lesson here for American elites.”

While asylum applications dropped 95 percent between the last quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016 in Norway, the senators wrote that Sweden has accepted 280,000, which is more than any other EU nation, after the country “threw open its doors in 2013” by offering these immigrants permanent residency.

“Norway is far from hardhearted. … But Norwegians understand that an open-border policy would strain their resources, disrupt the integration of other recently arrived immigrants, and undercut the legitimate desire of Norwegians to preserve their nation’s culture and character,” the senators wrote.

ANTIKOMMUNISTEN KJELL ALBIN ABRAHAMSSON HAR AVLIDIT

September 25, 2016

Journalisten, författaren och Östeuropaexperten Abrahamsson avled den 22 september 2016 i Gdynia, Polen. Kjell Albin Abrahamsson har varit medarbetare i tidskriften Contra. Hans artikel om vulgärvänstern i Contra nummer 4 2016 blev hans sista. Abrahamsson har hyllats som ”Sveriges bäste korrespondent” under sin tid vid Sveriges Radio, då han var stationerad i bland annat Moskva, Wien och Warszawa.

Den kanske viktigaste boken av Abrahamssons hand var ”Låt mig få städa klart!” (Hjalmarson & Högberg Bokförlag), en bred uppgörelse med kommunismen i Sverige och betydelsen av att vara antikommunist. Alla sansade människor i Sverige borde vara antikommunister sedan kommunismens brutalitet avslöjats efter Sovjets kollaps 1991.

I sin sista krönika 2016 gjorde den Jämtlandsfödde Abrahamsson upp med vänstern. Han jämför debattklimatet i Sverige med det som råder i Tyskland. Här nedan några utdrag ur artikeln i Contra:

Det intoleranta debattklimatet i Sverige skyller jag på vulgärvänstern som spelar en överdrivet stor roll i opinionsbildningen. I Tyskland finns också vad jag kallar för vulgärvänster som också rymmer en floskelvänster, gnällvänster, stolpskottsvänster, spendervänster, kulturvänster, identitetsvänster, skygglappsvänster, södermalmsvänster, finvänster, gatuvänster, hatvänster, etikettvänster, skäggvänster, rasvänster, kränkthetsvänster, gammalvänster, skrikvänster och kasta sten-vänster. I Tyskland är vulgärvänstern marginaliserad i samhällsdebatten, i Sverige leder den det offentliga samtalet.

Säkert finns det också i Tyskland en Martin Aagård, Henrik Arnstad, Dilan Apak, Lisa Bjurwald, Ali Esbati, Dror Feiler, Göran Greider, Rosanna Dinamarca, Anders Lindberg, Bahrang Tin Tin Miri, Karin Pettersson, Baker Karim, Åsa Linderborg och Fredrik Virtanen, men de återfinns i medielandskapets periferi, i marginalen. I Sverige däremot rör de sig i gammelmedias centrum.

För inte så länge sedan fanns på kultursidorna utrymme för konservativa röster som Gunnar Björk, Stig Strömholm, Sven Stolpe, Gunnar Unger. Visserligen är Johan Hakelius förträfflig men kan inte ersätta dem alla i vetande och lärdom.

I den svenska debatten har vulgärvänstern lyckats tysta alla som inte ylar med ulvarna.

Det finns gott om extremvänsterorganisationer och nätverk som tillåts arbeta nästan helt ostört av den enögda svenska journalistkåren: Antifascistisk Aktion (AFA), Revolutionära Fronten, Allt åt alla, Syndikalistiska ungdomsförbundet (SUF) eller den senaste skapelsen som visade upp sig på årets Prideparad: Svartrosa blocket vars mål är att stoppa ”poliser, moderater och andra nazister”.

Abrahamsson citerade också i sin artikel de numera klassiska orden av Horace Engdahl: ”Tyskland är ett Sverige för vuxna”.

Den antikommunistiska upplysningen kommer att fortsätta även efter Abrahamssons död men han lämnar en stor lucka efter sig. Tidskriften Contra kommer att fortsätta att informera om kommunismens brott. Utanför Sverige fortsätter ett mer omfattande antikommunistiskt upplysningsarbete. Ett estniskt initiativ vill att ledande kriminella kommunister från kommunisttiden i Europa ställs inför rätta. Det är betydelsefullt att kommunismens brott inte glöms bort. I de östeuropeiska länderna fortsätter brottsutredningarna och upplysningen om kommunismens brott. Den statliga tyska upplysningen om regimbrotten i DDR under sovjetockupationen är fortsatt ett föredöme.

RUSSIA IS WORKING WITH RADICAL ISLAM TO UNDERMINE THE WEST

September 22, 2016

Fox News on September 20, 2016, published an article by Jay Sekulow on Russia and radical Islam joining in an alliance to undermine the West. Excerpts below:

A change has recently occurred in U.S. policy toward the Middle East, as we have begun to withdraw from the region under President Obama.

The U.S. has substantially withdrawn its troops from Iraq and Afghanistan and has, for the most part, chosen not to involve itself in the civil war raging in Syria, due to the Obama administration’s foreign policy decisions. This departure has created a vacuum in the Middle East, a void waiting to be filled by some other country.

President Obama has consistently failed to name our enemy.

What we are now seeing is the formation of a truly unholy alliance. Enemies of the West – including Russia, Syria, Iran, the Islamic State, and others – are working together – even if they are traditional enemies themselves such as Shiite and Sunni Muslims, or Russia and Iran – in order to destabilize the world and seize power for themselves.

…Russia’s activity in the Middle East has greatly increased as [the] former Cold War foe attempts to regain a foothold in the region and assert control over lucrative oil resources.

As Iran seeks to fill the vacuum and oppose American interests around the world, it has cultivated an alliance with Russia, a nation led by a former Cold War intelligence officer who dreams of returning Russia to its Soviet-level influence in the region and throughout the world.

When [US] show weakness, they show strength. When we withdraw, they advance. When we lack strategy, they execute their strategy. And let there be no doubt, this will result in more terrorist attacks, more aggression, more lives lost, and a reshaping of the world order.

Iran and Russia share one goal in Syria – to keep the Assad regime in power. In July 2015, Iran and Russia rapidly and significantly increased their political and military cooperation.

Ultimately, if Russia and Iran continue to fight for the Assad regime in Syria, the result will be an expansion of Iran’s influence in Syria. This expansion will further destabilize the Middle East by placing Iranian forces in Sunni-Arab lands as well as on the border with Israel, expanding the Iranian hegemon, and strengthening Russia’s presence in the region at the United States’ expense.

This is not just a matter of geopolitical gamesmanship between global superpowers. Real lives are on the line – the lives of Christians and other religious minorities in the Middle East, women and children, and innocent people of all ethnicities and nationalities.

In my new book – “Unholy Alliance” – I reveal an action plan we can take to eliminate this dangerous threat.

First, we must clearly identify the enemy. Call the enemy what they are: radical jihadist terrorists who are at war with us. They will stop at nothing to destroy us and our way of life.

Further, the U.S. needs strong leadership and deep resolve if we are to succeed in this new war.

Our country has fought evil and defended the oppressed. In order to do so again, we must realize the true nature of the enemies who stand against us and proclaim the shared values that have made America so exceptional all along.

Jay Sekulow is Chief Counsel of the American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ), which focuses on constitutional law. He’s a New York Times bestselling author. Jay’s latest book – “Unholy Alliance: The Agenda Iran, Russia, and Jihadists Share for Conquering the World” – is available now. He hosts “Jay Sekulow Live”– a daily radio show which is broadcast on more than 850 stations nationwide as well as Sirius/XM satellite radio.

Comment: In the Eurasian geopolitical context there are other possible alliances that could threaten the West. Russia and China is another cooperation that could be a challenge to Western interests. Recent naval cooperation in the South China Sea could indicate a Sino-Russian alliance in the future. Even without such an alliance a strengthened Russia (the heartland) and a modern, vitalized, and militarized China in the eastern part of the rimland joined by Iran is a danger. The American retreat in the Middle East during the past eight years has been an encouragement to radical Islam, Russia, and Iran. This along with Russian aggression against Ukraine could be a strategic disaster waiting to happen. Another four years of Democratic foreign policy in America would further endanger the West.

CLASSICAL GEOPOLITICS AND THE RETURN OF GEOPOLITICS

September 21, 2016

A British historian, Jeremy Black, was invited to a recent seminar, “The Return of Geopolitics” arranged by the Swedish Axel and Margaret Ax:son Johnson Foundation,in June 2016 at Avesta Manor, Sweden. Professor Black has in 2016 published Geopolitics and the Quest for Dominance, Indiana University Press.

Black is not a geopolitician but as historian he is arguing that history and geography delineate the operation of power. Geopolitics is not only a matter of spatial dimensions but also about ideas and perception. It should be remembered, however, that the term geopolitics was used first in 1899 by Swedish Professor Rudolf Kjellén. Black goes all the way back to the 15th century considering the geopolitical aspects of for example the British seaborne empire.

In Blacks view Henry Kissinger, Francis Fukuyama, Samuel P. Huntington, Philip Bobbitt, Niall Ferguson and others could be regarded as geopolitical thinkers, which is of course not the case. The late professor Huntington is rather a civilizationist in the vein of Oswald Spengler and Arnold Toynbee. Huntington deals mainly with competing civilizations and not the heartland and continents, sea power and land power and not geopolitics.

In the twentyfirst century many international politicians seem to argue that our world is all about technology, globalization and the spread of liberal democracy. In reality it is the seas, the continents, rivers and other geographical features that determine world power and order.

Another aspect not treated by Black in his book is how realism has affected development back 2,400 years to Thucydides. This ancient Greek realist believed that human nature is motivated by fear, self-interest and honor. Hans J. Morgenthau in his 1948 pathbreaking book Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace argued that one must work with the inherent forces of human nature to improve the world. Realism appeals to historical precedent rather than some abstract principles. It is more likely that future history will consist of incessant conflict than a universalist peace in the spirit of Kant.

Black in his 2016 book argues that with geographical aspects cultural factors should be taken into account when considering for instance Islamist terrorism and China’s policy in the East and South China Seas. Other aspects to be taken into account are population growth, resources, climate change and pandemics when viewing geopolitical trends. Of main importance is however the state, which is still and will be a dominant actor.

The book holds forth Sir Halford Mackinder’s geopolitical analysis from the beginning of the twentieth century as relevant to contemporary and future geopolitical analysis. It should however be pointed out that Dutch-American geopolitician Nicholas Spykman has and will be a more important guide in the future. The United States could still be regarded as a large island protected by two oceans. The grand strategy of the West should be to prevent that any one state or coalition of states dominates the Eurasian landmass. This can best be achieved by controlling the rimland of Eurasia from Europe in the west to the coast of northern East Asia. Here the Middle East is playing an important role and eight years of the Obama administration has left that part of the rimland in a dangerous chaos.

A positive aspect of Blacks book on geopolitics is that he regards “critical geopolitics” as a feminist, Marxist, and postcolonial worldview that seeks to promote fraudulent and deceptive answers to present international problems to unwitting readers.

USAF NAMES FUTURISTIC LONG-RANGE BOMBER THE B-21 RAIDER

September 20, 2016

Fox News on September 19, 2016, reported that the U.S. Air Force has officially named its futuristic long range bomber the B-21 Raider. Excerpts below:

Air Force Secretary Deborah Lee James announced the results of the service’s naming contest during a speech at the Air Force Association’s Air, Space and Cyber Conference in National Harbor, Maryland Monday. “Today I want to recognize three Airmen who answered the call to be a part of a new Air Force legacy and name our new bomber,” she said.

Lt. Col. Jaime I. Hernandez, 337th Test and Evaluation Squadron commander, Dyess Air Force Base, Texas and Tech. Sgt. Derek D. White, emergency management craftsman, 175th Civil Engineering Squadron, Maryland Air National Guard, were named as contest winners.

The designation B-21 recognizes the aircraft as the military’s first bomber of the 21st century.

Built by Northrop Grumman, the B-21 Raider will let the Air Force launch from the continental U.S. and deliver airstrikes on any location in the world. The Air Force is planning to introduce the aircraft in mid-2020s.

RUSSIA AND CHINA NAVIES EXERCISE IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA

September 19, 2016

National Interest on September 16, 2016, published an article by Abhijit Singh on the growing naval cooperation between Russia and China in Asia. Excerpts below:

There’s a growing intimacy between two of Asia’s big naval powers and it’s causing disquiet among regional watchers and maritime policymakers. Russia and China are growing closer in the nautical realm, much to the chagrin of Indian, American and Southeast Asian analysts who feel that their growing bilateral synergy could impact the balance of power in Asia.

The trigger for the latest bout of anxiety is ‘Joint Sea-2016’— a joint Sino-Russian naval exercise featuring surface ships, submarines, fixed-wing aircraft, ship-borne helicopters and amphibious vessels navies. China has announced that its biggest naval drill with Russia will include the People’s Liberation Army Navy’s (PLA-N’s) Nanhai fleet, and will involve, among other exercises, anti-submarine and amphibious missions.

This is the first time Russian and Chinese naval contingents are meeting for combat drills in the South China Sea…

During an earlier exercise in the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea in May [2015], senior commanders made statements challenging America’s strategic dominance of Eurasia. Russian and Chinese leaders believe that the US is the central destabilizing factor in the region’s geopolitics, and is engaged in a systemic containment of Moscow and Beijing. By staging close-combat naval exercises, they hope to warn Washington that its primacy in maritime Asia is at an end.

[In this exercise]Beijing’s has announced an ‘island-seizing’ exercise involving a sizeable contingent of the PLA Marine Corps.

To be sure, China and Russia have their share of political differences. Russia’s had concerns about Chinese encroachments in the Russian Far-East and the loss of Central Asia to China’s growing influence. Following Moscow’s annexation of Crimea, however, President Vladimir Putin’s had to accommodate growing Chinese ambitions in Russia’s zone of influence. To diversify Russia’s energy export markets away from Europe, Putin has acquiesced to an asymmetric relationship with China, by allowing Beijing to extract the greater share of benefits through a ‘special’ ally status.

Moscow is reassured by China’s continuing dependence on Russia for defense technology. Since December 1992, when the two countries signed an agreement on military technology cooperation, China has purchased more defense items from the Russian Federation than from any other country.

Even so, the trajectory of recent maritime interactions suggests that the partnership is beginning to outgrow the original template of military cooperation. Not only has the size of participating contingents grown, the quality of exercises has substantially improved. The military relationship has benefited from a huge political investment from Putin, who’s taken a personal interest in nurturing the partnership. Beijing, in search of an ally to counter-balance the US Navy, has been happy to play along.

The nautical synergy also reveals an enduring correlation between geopolitics and maritime strategy. The Sino–Russian maritime relationship seems driven by political motivations and a desire to jointly counter US military pressure… many in Moscow are beginning to view Chinese island infrastructure in the South China Sea as protection for Russia against a US attack. It hasn’t surprised anyone that the Russian Navy has co-opted China as a ‘core partner’ in its new maritime doctrine, signaling a desire for greater maritime influence in the Asia–Pacific.

[In South Asia] Indian policymakers…worry about Russia’s warming defense relationship with Pakistan. After waiving its arms embargo on Pakistan in June 2014, Moscow signed a bilateral defence cooperation agreement with Islamabad, even agreeing to sell Mi-35 helicopters to the Pakistan Army…In addition, a recent report has suggested Russia and Pakistan are slated to hold their first ever joint military drill in the coming months.

With a friendly Pakistan at hand, if the Sino-Russian nautical concord pushes into the Indian Ocean Region—as is being widely anticipated in the wake of India’s logistics agreement with the US—New Delhi knows it may be hard to reverse the shift in the regional balance of maritime power.

Comment: Growing imperial aspirations of Russia and China on the Eurasian world-island should be of greater concern to the West. At the end of the Obama administration there are also further worries on the rimland of Eurasia. Turkey is still a NATO member but there is growing influence of Islamism and signs of a new friendship between Moscow and Ankara. East of Turkey is another traditional anti-Western empire, Iran (Persia), and there are signs of warming relations between Russia and Pakistan.

Sir Halford Mackinder once raised the specter of Chinese conquest of Russian territory. That could make China the dominant political power according to this British geopolitician. One can say that China may achieve that in the twenty-first century without military conquest. To weaken American influence on the world island the two Eurasian empires plan to work with Iran and Pakistan. If Turkey was added as a partner to this dominant Eurasian “coalition” there would be a grave challenge to the West. A large group of empires would create a hemispheric hegemon.

The obvious answer to such a challenge is increased strength of the American military followed by a growing number of European NATO membership countries spending at least 2 percent of GNP on defense.

Globalism is not going to trump geography. Geopolitics is back after eight years of failed Western geostrategic thinking or even total lack of global strategy.

HOUSE INTELLIGENCE COMMITTEE: EDWARD SNOWDEN “SERIAL EXAGGERATOR”

September 16, 2016

Washington Times on September 15, 2016, reported that a House intelligence committee report on Edward Snowden characterizes the former National Security Agency contractor not as a whistleblower but as a “serial exaggerator” whose theft of 1.5 million classified government documents has done tremendous damage to national security. Excerpts below:

A 4-page summary of the classified report says the bulk of the documents taken “have nothing to do with programs impacting individual privacy interests” but rather pertain to military, defense and intelligence programs.

“A review of the materials Snowden compromised makes clear that he handed over secrets that protect American troops overseas and secrets that provide vital defenses against terrorists and nation-states,” the report states.

The report, two years in the making, was released a day after supporters of Mr. Snowden launched a formal campaign to request that President Obama grant him a pardon and just ahead of the release of Oliver Stone’s theatrical film about Mr. Snowden.

…Mr. Snowden has avoided prosecution by taking asylum in Russia.

While Mr. Snowden has characterized himself as a whistleblower for revealing the surveillance programs, lawmakers referred to him a disgruntled employee who argued with his supervisors and had been reprimanded just two weeks before he began illegally downloading classified documents.

“Edward Snowden is no hero – he’s a traitor who willfully betrayed his colleagues and his country.,” said Intelligence Committee Chairman Devin Nunes. “In light of his long list of exaggerations and outright fabrications detailed in this report, no one should take him at his word.”

In addition to its conclusions about Mr. Snowden and the documents taken, the report summary also notes concern about the NSA’s ability to prevent a breach of such magnitude in the future.

The report states that the NSA and the intelligence community “have not done enough to minimize the risk of another massive unauthorized disclosure. Although it is impossible to reduce the chance of another Snowden to zero, more work can and should be done to improve the security of the people and computer networks that keep America’s most closely held secrets.”

The full report, which is 36 pages long, is classified.

INTENSIFIED IRAN AGGRESSION IN PERSIAN GULF

September 13, 2016

Fox News on November 13, 2016, reported that Iran threatened to shoot down two US Navy surveillance aircraft flying close to Iranian territory in the Persian Gulf over the weekend. Excerpts below:

On Sept. 10, a Navy P-8 Poseidon with a crew of nine and an EP-3 Eries with a crew of roughly 24, were flying a reconnaissance mission 13 miles off the coast of Iran, in the Strait of Hormuz and Gulf of Oman, according to officials.

At some point during the flight, the Iranian military warned the two aircraft to change course or risk getting shot down.
The US military planes ignored the warning and continued flying in international airspace, although close to Iranian territory, the officials said…

The official said the Iranian behavior was characterized as “unprofessional.” Another official said the incident was not considered “unsafe” because there were no Iranian missile launchers in the area, according to the latest intelligence reports.

The latest incident between the US military and Iran is just the latest in a series of confrontations in region.

Last month, Iranian fast-boats harassed US Navy warships in the Persian Gulf on at least five occasions. One incident resulting in three warning shots being fired from a US Navy coastal patrol craft, when an Iranian vessel ignored repeated radio calls to change course. On another occasion, an Iranian boat stopped 100 yards in front of a US Navy ship forcing it to take evasive maneuvers.

Dangerous interactions at sea between Iran and the US Navy have doubled in the first half of 2016 compared to the same time last year…

VILSELEDNING – UKRAINAKRIGET I SVENSKA MEDIER

September 10, 2016

Timbro har i september 2016 givit ut en betydelsefull bok av Stefan Olsson om hur det pågående Ukrainakriget behandlas i svenska medier.

Ryssland bedriver en omfattande desinformationskampanj i Sverige. Syftet är att skada Ukrainas rykte genom smutskastning i media. Kampanjen är en del i det som har kommit att kallas den ryska hybridkrigföringen där traditionellt militära medel blandas med andra medel för politisk påverkan. Desinformationen bygger på erfarenheter från det kalla kriget, då Sovjet bedrev en omfattande politisk krigföring i Väst (”aktiva åtgärder”). Författaren Bertil Häggmans bok ”Desinformation” (1990) behandlade bland annat sovjetiska förfalskningar, inflytandeagenter och internationella sovjetiska frontorganisationer som en del av den antivästliga sovjetiska politiken.

Genom att sprida falsk information har Ryssland lyckats påverka mediebilden av kriget, Syftet är bland annat att försvaga stödet för sanktioner inom EU mot Ryssland. Metoden kallas numera för ”reflexiv kontroll” och är den ryska varianten av psykologiska operationer.

Den kanske viktigaste metoden i det ryska propagandakriget är att misstänkliggöra de frihetskämpar som stred för Ukraina både mot Hitler och Stalin sedan 1943. Då bildades den ukrainska motståndsarmén (UPA), som var både antinazistisk och antikommunistisk. När den nazityska ockupationen upphörde riktade UPA vapnen mot Röda armén. Fram till krigsslutet administrerade UPA stora områden i västra Ukraina men drevs sedan undan i omfattande antigerilla-operationer av sovjetiska och polska styrkor och motståndet upphörde 1952-1953. Närmare information om UPA och dess kamp mot nazism och kommunism finns i författaren Bertil Häggmans bok ”Frihetskämpar” (1987). På den politiska sidan leddes motståndet av Stepan Bandera och Jaroslav Stetsko. Under andra världskriget tillbringade dessa en lång period i tyskt koncentrationsläger för sin kamp för ukrainsk frihet och självständighet. Bandera mördades av en KGB-agent i München i början av 1960-talet.

Under det kalla kriget smutskastades de ukrainska frihetskämparna av KGB, som producerade ett stort antal falska dokument, som skulle bevisa att UPA samarbetade med nazisterna under andra världskriget och deltog i judeutrotning. Den vänstervridne historiedocenten Per-Anders Rudling vid Lunds universitet bedriver sedan några år en kampanj mot Ukraina. Rudlings publikationer ligger på samma linje som den ryska vilseledningskampanjen om Ukraina och ukrainsk historia. Det finns dock inte några bevis för att han samarbetar med ryska propagandaorgan.

I ”Vilseledning” granskar statsvetaren Stefan Olsson hur svenska medier rapporterat om kriget i Ukraina. Boken ger en bild av hur journalistiken påverkats i ett antal fall från krigets första år utifrån kriterierna om saklighet och opartiskhet.

Förord av författaren och journalisten Johanne Hildebrandt, tidigare krigsrapportör och sedan 2012 ledamot av Kungliga Krigsvetenskapsakademien.

Stefan Olsson är statsvetare och frilansskribent. Tidigare chef för tankesmedjan Frivärld, säkerhetspolitisk analytiker på Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, FOI, forskare på Uppsala universitet och Institutet för framtidsstudier.