The US Senate has reported on its website on the Treaty of Ghent. Excerpts from the report:
The War of 1812 resulted from Britain’s impressment of American seamen and its violation of American neutrality rights. In an attempt to negotiate peace, President James Madison sent a delegation of men to Ghent (in Belgium). Included in the delegation was Senator James Bayard of Delaware. Some suggested that including Senator Bayard on the negotiating team would make the Senate more favorably inclined to approve the treaty, but others insisted his involvement represented a violation of the constitutional separation of powers. The Treaty of Ghent’s resolution of ratification was approved by the Senate on February 16, 1815.