Dagens Industri (Stockholm) rapporterade den 13 oktober 2014 att Taiwans (Republiken Kinas) president Ma Ying-jeou hade betecknat varje försök från Kina att inleda återförening som ”oacceptabelt”. Utdrag nedan:
Huvuddelen av Taiwans invånare önskar endast goda ekonomiska relationer med Kina och bevarandet av örepublikens demokratiska självstyre. De kinesiska avtalsbrotten i Hongkong är en varning till Taiwan. Om Peking inte håller ord då det gäller Hongkong hur skulle det gå för Taiwan om något liknande prövades.
”Efter händelserna i Hongkong är president Xi naiv om han tror att han fortfarande kan lura folket med ’ett land, två system’, sa Huang Kuo-chang, en av ledarna för den Pekingkritiska Solrosrörelsen till Wall Street Journal.
Demokrati är enligt Taiwans president liksom rättssäkerhet inte några rättigheter som väst har monopol på, utan rättigheter för hela mänskligheten.
Kommentar: Det bör också vara dags att diskutera frågan om Kinas författning. Här kan en rad råd hämtas ur den icke-kommunistiska kinesiska författningen. Center for Research on Geopolitics (Sverige) tog 2003 upp frågan i en rapport med nedanstående innehåll:
The question of a federally organized China is one that is of some interest in the future.
The following scenario is of course only a start. After all China is one of the world’s biggest stories. It is easy to forget that there are two Chinese states at present and that the 23 million citizens of the Republic of China on Taiwan have as much rights as the 1,2 billion Chinese and other peoples on the mainland.
A federal constitution of a future China should be based on division of power. It could have some of the following general provisions:
Chapter I. General Provisions
The Republic of China shall be a democratic and federal republic of the people, to be governed by the people and for the people.
The Sovereignty of the Federal Republic of China shall reside in the whole body of citizens.
Article 3. Persons possessing the nationality of the Federal Republic of China shall reside in the whole body of citizens.
The territory of the Republic of China according to its national boundaries shall not be altered except by resolution of the National Congress.
There shall be equality among the various racial groups in the Federal Republic of China.
The national flag of the Federal Republic of China shall be of red ground with blue sky and seven white stars for each state.
The above mentioned articles could be the first possible articles of a constitution for a federal China.
There ought to be 7 states: The State of Taiwan, The State of South China, The State of Central China, The State of North China, The State of Saipei, The State of Northeast China and the State of West China with their own governments and parliaments in the federal system.
In the present flag of the Republic of China on Taiwan there is a White Sun in the emblem representing the 12 two-hour periods of the day. Together they represent the spirit of progress.
This White Sun could be replaced by 7 white stars representing the 7 states of the federation.
The possible scenario presented above could be a matrix of a new China. A Federal China would loosen, but not fragment, and central power would not reside in the federal capital itself only. The new constitution could only work in a free environment allowing for free elections for a constitutional congress to work out a new constitution.
Naturally such a congress must be preceded by a diplomatic recognition of the Republic of China by all states as an independent and sovereign nation.
The earlier a debate on the future of China and its constitution is started, the better. In a modern world a communist ruled great power is an anomaly. This short report is to be regarded as one contribution of many to the debate on the future of China.
The problem with China historically was well described by Karl Wittfogel in his bok “Oriental Despotism” (1957). China was a farming society based on irrigation. There was a strong tendency for an organizational structure of waterworks. The consequence was ‘a state stronger than society’. The despotic power was and is total. For the individual it meant ‘total terror – total submission – total loneliness. What is now needed is “total change”, not reform of the Chinese Communist Party, but introduction of new thinking, the type of thinking that has brought Free China the prosperity it now has.
The military threat of the regime in Beijing to the United States, the West and Taiwan is continuing. As long as the threat continues there is little or no hope for a future China organized in a federal system.