US CONGRESS CALLS FOR WEAPONS TO UKRAINE

H.Res.758 — 113th Congress (2013-2014) on support for Ukraine was introduced in the US House on November 18, 2014 and passed. A summary can be found below:

It supports the efforts by President Poroshenko and the people of Ukraine to establish a lasting peace for Ukraine that includes:

• full withdrawal of Russian forces from its territory,
• full control of its international borders,
• disarming of separatist and paramilitary forces in eastern Ukraine,
• adoption of policies to reduce the Russian Federation’s ability to use energy exports and trade barriers as weapons to apply economic and political pressure, and
• an end to interference by the Russian Federation in Ukraine’s internal affairs.

The Bill also affirms the right of Ukraine, Georgia, Moldova, and all countries to exercise their sovereign rights within their internationally recognized borders.

Condemning the continuing political, economic, and military aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine, Georgia, and Moldova it also condemns the continuing violation of their sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity.

Further it states that the military intervention by the Russian Federation in Ukraine:

• is in breach of its obligations under the United Nations Charter and the 1994 Budapest Memorandum on

Security Assurances, and
• poses a threat to international peace.

Therefore the Bill calls on the Russian Federation to:
• reverse its illegal annexation of the Crimean peninsula, end its support of the separatist forces in
Crimea, and remove its military forces from that region (other than those operating in strict accordance with its 1997 agreement on the Status and Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet Stationing on the Territory of Ukraine);
• remove its military forces from Ukraine, Georgia, and Moldova, and end its political, military, and economic support of separatist forces; and
• end violations of the September 2014 cease fire.

It calls on the President to provide the government of Ukraine with necessary defense articles, services, and intelligence in order to defend its territory and sovereignty.

(Commentary: This is important because it calls for providing weapons to Ukraine).

Calling furthermore on North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies and U.S. partners to suspend military cooperation with Russia.

The Bill calls on the President to cooperate with U.S. allies to:
• (1) refuse to recognize the Russian Federation’s illegal annexation of Crimea; and
• (2) impose visa bans, asset freezes, and sanctions on the Russian Federation and its leadership to compel it to end its violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

It urges the President, in consultation with Congress, to review the Treaty readiness of U.S. and NATO armed forces.

Also urging the President to hold the Russian Federation accountable for violations of its obligations under the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty.

Importantly it calls on Ukraine, the European Union (EU), and other European countries to support energy diversification initiatives to reduce the Russian Federation’s ability to use energy supplies as a means of applying political and economic pressure on other countries.

The House also calls on the President and the Department of State to develop a strategy to produce or otherwise procure and distribute news and information in the Russian language to countries with significant Russian-speaking populations.

Finally there is a call upon the Russian Federation to seek a mutually beneficial relationship with the United States based on respect for the independence and sovereignty of all countries.

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