GUSTAVUS II ADOLPHUS AND OLIVER CROMWELL’S NEW MODEL ARMY

November 6, 2015, is fast approaching and The Journal of the Cromwell Association, Cromwelliana, in 2015 had an interesting essay on tactical influence of continental wars on the English Civil War of the seventeenth century (“Philip Skippon and the Lessons Learnt from Continental Coflict in the English Civil War” by Dr Ismini Pells.

Dr Pells draws on the experience of Cromwell’s Major General Philip Skippon (1598 – 1660). According to The Swedish Intelligencer, an English journal on Swedish warfare in taking towns Gustavus would not stand entrenching and building redoubts at a mile’s distance, but clap down with his army presently, about cannon shot from it. There he would begin his approaches, get to their walls, batter, and storm presently. The New Model Army preferred to follow Gustavus’s methods and storm directly.

In pitched battles several commanders of the Army of the Parliament, like Sir William Waller and Prince Rupert, would choose the fast-moving style of Gustavus’s Swedish Army.

Further Reading

Bertil Haggman, “Thirty Year’s War (1618 – 1648)”, Encyclopedia of Prisoners of War and Internment, 2000, Jonathan F. Vance, Editor, Santa Barbara, California, Denver, Colorado and Oxford England: ABC-CLIO, pp. 289 – 290.

Geoffrey Parker, The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500 – 1800, rev. ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Fritz Redlich, The German Military Enterpriser and His Work Force: A Study in European Economic and Social History, Vol. 1, Wiesbaden, Germany: Framnz Steiner Verlag, 1964.

William Watts, The Swedish Discipline, Vol. 2, London: John Dawson, 1632, pp. 39 – 69.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: