Archive for November, 2015

A PALESTINIAN INFLUENCED HITLER

November 29, 2015

Barry Rubin & Wolfgang G. Schwanitz, Nazis, Islamists, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, Yale University Press, 2014.

Recently California Professor Laina Farhat-Holzman published a review on line of a fairly new book that concerns the Palestinian Grand Mufti Amin al-Husaini, who influenced Hitler in his decision to murder Jews during the Second World War. Excerpts below:

Not long ago, Israel’s president Netanyahu commented in a speech that Hitler was influenced by his ally, the Palestinian Grand Mufti, Amin al-Husaini, to murder rather than expel Europe’s Jews. There was an immediate uproar that this statement was historically incorrect, and that by saying this, he was diminishing Hitler’s role in the Holocaust. It seems that it was not incorrect, and this book, written by two very solid scholars, have not only validated this assessment, but have provided documents, letters, and photographs hitherto not widely available.

The authors spell out their rationale:  “The story of Nazi Germany’s involvement in the Middle  East has hitherto largely been viewed as a dramatic tale of might-have-been that was nevertheless marginal to Middle East history and the course of World War II.  In fact, however, this episode was central to the modern history of the Middle East and continues to reverberate many decades later given its profound effects on Arab nationalism, Islamism, and the course taken by the Palestinian Arab movement.” [ix}

Massive quantities of both wartime and postwar documents (in translation from German and Arabic) have just been released by the US government. What they reveal is that Germany had a long-time Middle East policy dating to the 19th century, designed to vex the British and French, who had acquired empire before the Germans had even united into one country. They had a long-time project of  fomenting Muslim jihad against Germany’s rivals.

The [rising] new Nazi party played on…one charismatic figure who emerged in the Palestinian territory (still under British control). It was a man of Circassian ancestry (blond and blue-eyed), claiming descent from the Prophet Mohammad, and through family pull, appointed as the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Al-Husaini was not a cleric, nor was he pious; he was, however, ferociously ambitious and aspired to become the next Caliph, a dictator over all Muslims. (The last “Caliph” had been the Ottoman Sultan, both roles abolished when the Ottomans were defeated during World War I.)

Hitler and the Grand Mufti became allies, an alliance ignored in history until now. They met several times and the Nazis protected him throughout the war,…

Husaini was definitely a war criminal and was on Britain’s list for trial and (hopefully) execution. The Swiss would not give him refuge as Germany fell, but the French did, out of spite against the British, and they released him to create decades of Islamist mayhem in the Middle East. The French did it again when they gave refuge to the Ayatollah Khomeini. Without these two men, world history would have been very different.

Some of the most shocking revelations in the book include the personal relationship between Hitler and Husaini (whom Hitler had pronounced an honorary Aryan). In a meeting in 1941, when Hitler was still extorting Jewish money that paid for some exit permits for Jews, Husaini objected. He said that Hitler should exterminate them or else they would come to Palestine…

Husaini never succeeded in becoming a Caliph, ruling the entire Muslim (not just Arab) world. But he did succeed in ruining any possibility of the Arabs (particularly the Palestinians) developing a democratic, modern society. The PLO and other terrorist organizations were aided by many Nazi war criminals…

The connection between the Nazis and the Muslim World is alive and well, but is doomed to the same end that the Nazis earned. This is a definitive book on this very current subject.

Comment: It should also be taken into consideration that the Nazis during the Second World War created their own Arab liberation army (Free Arabian Legion formed from Arab volunteers from the Middle East and North Africa).

 

PERMANENT JIHADIST WAR AND COMMUNIST CIVIL WAR

November 22, 2015

The Jihadist permanent world war has now been going on for decades. With the downing of a Russian passenger plane over Sinai killing 224 people in October 2015 and the brutal terror attack in Paris, France, on November 13, 2015, we might now be in a permanent phase in the ongoing global war against the West.

Last time this type of war was waged against the West was from 1917 to 1991.

The wave of civil wars and revolutions then spread in Europe from Bavaria to Hungary (Bela Kun). During World War II Ukrainians fought a guerrilla war against first the Nazi occupiers and then against the Soviet and their puppet troops.

Then in 1945 a whole series of civil wars escalated: Korea, Greece, Vietnam, Laos, China, Tibet, Cuba, South America, and Turkey to mention a few examples.

During the Cold War the world was dominated by a communist onslaught. It was planned and executed in Moscow. The war was both overt and covert. The purpose was to subjugate the West and finally the whole world to the rule of the Russian communists.

From 1939 to 1945 the West rightly fought to destroy the Nazi threat but also at the same time handed over half of Western Europe to the Soviet version of Hitler as a present.

While the communist onslaught went on after 1945 influential opinion makers in the West fought a war of ideas against what they termed the “Nazi” Adenauer in then West Germany. The same opinion makers demanded “liberation” in Africa and supported communist and neo-communist regimes on that continent.

Under the banner of “peaceful coexistence”, as suggested by the Soviet regime, Western leaders accepted this state of affairs. Had the policy succeeded the Soviet Union would still exist in 2015. The communist civil wars around the globe would have continued.

Instead of interstate war there have from 1989 to 2006 raged 115 civil wars within states. There have only been a few interstate wars during the same period. Many leaders in America and Europe today do not acknowledge that a dangerous Jihadist war is waged against Western civilization. This has been ongoing since at least 2001. Israel, Europe and finally America are the main targets. Some countries in northern Europe believe that they are protected in the permanent Jihadist war through a version of “peaceful coexistence”, although there have been terror attacks both in Sweden and Denmark. The Swedish social democratic Prime Minister in November 2015 admitted that Swedish policies had been “naïve”.

The global impact of civil wars has been estimated at around 120 billion US dollars per year. That is more than the annual aid budget of the developed world for the developing world. To this can be added vast costs in the ongoing Jihadist war against the West.

THE GOTHIC BIBLE NUMBERS ART

November 20, 2015

Introduction

The Silver Bible (The Gothic Bible) was found in a Benedictine monastery in Werden in Ruhr, Germany. It was in Prague when Swedish forces stormed the city in 1648. Swedish war-booty it was brought as war-booty to Stockholm and ended up in Queen Christina’s library. After the queen’s abdication Isaac Vossius, a royal librarian, brought it to Holland. From Vossius in Holland it It was bought by Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie, the Swedish Chancellor. He in turn donated it to the University of Uppsala.

Originally, the Silver Bible had at least 336 leaves. 187 of these are in Uppsala today. One leaf is kept in Speyer in Germany. This leaf was found in 1970 in the cathedral of Speyer. Between Ravenna in the sixth century and Werden in the sixteenth century the Silver Bible has a history of more than a thousand years.

The text of the Codex argenteus is edited several times. The latest and most importand edition was made in 1927. It is a photographic facsimile edition made by means of the most advanced technology and equipment of that time.

The Goths were a Germanic people, which likely emigrated from the southern parts of Scandinavia. At the end of the first century they migrated to the south. In the 3rd century they operated around the Black Sea attacking the Roman empire. They divided into two main branches: Visigoths and Ostrogoths or Westerngoths and Eastern Goths. The Visigoths later migrated to the west and formed a kingdom in Spain. The Ostrogoths stayed in Ukraine and became for a time subjects of the Huns. Later they migrated to Italy and founded a kingdom.

The Language and the Bible

The Gothic language was Germanic or rather East Germanic (English and German are West Germanic and the Scandinavian languages are Norh Germanic). No written records. They did however leave a translation of the Bible. This version of the Holy Book is very fragmentarily preserved, so called the Silver Bible mentioned above.

Beside the Silver Bible there are a few Gothic texts today in some palimpsests, some marginal notes in a manuscript plus a fragment of the Old Testament. The palimpsests are the Codex Carolinus in Wolfenbüttel, the Codices Ambrosiani in Milan, the Codex Taurinensis in Torino, and the Skeireins, a commentary on the bible, in Milan and in the Vatican Library. The marginal notes are found in the so called Codex Veronensis, and a short fragment is for instance the Codex Gissensis, a Gothic-Latin dubble leaf found in Egypt, now destroyed.

Bishop Wulfila

The Gothic bible translation was made by the Visigothic bishop Wulfila, meaning »The Little Wolf«. He died around 381 AD and was bishop of »Gothia«. Gothic Christians settled north of the river Danube. The Goths were Arians, a Christian sect. One of the reasons that the Gothia people is held in such low historic esteem is that they were heretics and in their time persecuted by the Catholic Church. At the same time the Arians were responsible for violence themselves. Wulfila translated the Bible from Greek. He probably did the entire Bible except for the Books of Kings. The Bishop was also a Christian missionary but at the same time a typographic pioneer. He constructed (we think) the Gothic alphabet. The Goths had earlier used the runic alphabet and the runes contributed to Wulfila’s Gothic alphabet.

King Theoderic

The Ostrogothic King Theoderic the Great was the most important Germanic ruler in Italy. He was born around 450 AD, and he died in 526 AD. Theoderic was both king of the Goths in Italy and king of the Romans in Italy (Gothorum romanorumque rex). The king built churches and palaces and he minted coins with his own picture. His capital was Ravenna in Italy. The city at the time became a center for book-writing. Thirty years after Theodoric’s death in 526 the Gothic kingdom had disappeared. The Bible manuscript was then probably brought to Monte Cassino in Italy, a monestary destroyed by the Langobards in 589 AD.

The Fate of a Bible and the Numbers Art

Before 1600 the Gothic Bible was taken to Prague and the library of the Habsburg Emperor Rudolph II. From there, as mentioned above, the manuscript of the four Gospels made for Theoderic the Great in Ravenna in the early 6th century ended up in Sweden as war-booty.

One of the fascinating details of the Gothic Bible is the richly decorated numbers in the marginals. Although the Bible was translated from Greek the Goths were influenced by the Latin cultural sphere when they migrated to Italy. The Bible was likely used also by the Vandals and the Langobards, other Germanic peoples in the Mediterranean area.

A system of horizontal lines was used. Every system formed a pyramid. The upper pyramid is pointing upwards and the lower pyramid is pointing downwards. Above the upper pyramid is a snake-like ornament. The lower pyramid ends with a flash-like symbol. There is obviously a Byzantian influence but the art of the numbers developed to its full extent in northern Italy.

The decorated numbers can for instance be fond in Bible manuscripts. No. 3 is from Cod. Veronensis I of the 4th to 5th century. No. 39 is an unusual ancient Greek sign (see journal Aegyptus 1 [1920], pp. 226 f.).

FP-FRÅGA I RIKSDAGEN TILL MARGOT WALLSTRÖM OM KOMMUNISMENS BROTT

November 19, 2015

SKRIFTLIG FRÅGA TILL STATSRÅD

Till utrikesminister Margot Wallström (S) 2015/16:314

Kommunismens brott i Europa Det är 26 år sedan muren föll, men fortfarande lever mer än 1 miljard människor, framför allt i Asien, under den kommunistiska ideologins experiment och förtryck. Samtidigt finns i Sverige en utbredd okunskap om och ointresse inför kommunismens brott. I 2011 års läroplan för historia på högstadiet införde alliansregeringen obligatorisk undervisning om Gulag. Det är häpnadsväckande att socialdemokratiska regeringar underlät att göra detta tidigare. Fler åtgärder är nödvändiga. Estlands regering har tagit initiativ till en internationell tribunal och europeisk utredning om kommunistregimernas brott i Europa fram till murens fall. Förövare som ännu är i livet ska kunna ställas inför rätta. Arkiv måste öppnas på samma sätt som skedde kring åren vid Sovjetunionens kollaps, då sekretessen hävdes för vissa avgörande dokument. I dagsläget får förslaget stöd av många forna europeiska kommunistdiktaturer. Det borde vara självklart att även Sverige och övriga EU ska stödja den estniska satsningen. Att utreda kommunismens brott är inte bara en uppgift för de människor och de länder som levde under kommunismens diktatur utan det är en uppgift för alla demokrater. Mot bakgrund av ovanstående vill jag fråga utrikesminister Margot Wallström: Hur avser utrikesministern att stödja Estlands initiativ om en utredning av kommunismens brott mot mänskliga rättigheter?
………………………………………
Birgitta Ohlsson (FP)

Kommentar: En mycket viktig fråga. Den skall besvaras senast den 25 november 2015 i riksdagen.

PARIS AND THE FALL OF ROME

November 18, 2015

Boston Globe on November 16, 2015, published an article by Professor Niall Ferguson that compares todays Paris with the fall of the West Roman Empire. Excerpts below:

I am not going to say that the world stands with France, for it is a hollow phrase. Nor am I going to applaud President Hollande’s pledge of “pitiless” vengeance, for I do not believe it. I am, instead, going to tell you that this is exactly how civilizations fall.

Here is how Edward Gibbon described the Goths’ sack of Rome in August 410 AD:

“In the hour of savage license, when every passion was inflamed, and every restraint was removed . . . a cruel slaughter was made of the Romans; and . . . the streets of the city were filled with dead bodies . . . Whenever the Barbarians were provoked by opposition, they extended the promiscuous massacre to the feeble, the innocent, and the helpless . . .”

Now, does that not describe the scenes we witnessed in Paris on Friday night?

True, Gibbon’s “History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire’’ represented Rome’s demise as a slow burn over a millennium. But a new generation of historians, such as Bryan Ward-Perkins and Peter Heather, has raised the possibility that the process of Roman decline was in fact sudden — and bloody —rather than smooth: a “violent seizure . . . by barbarian invaders” that destroyed a complex civilization within the span of a single generation.

Uncannily similar processes are destroying the European Union today, though few of us want to recognize them for what they are.

The distant shock…has been the Syrian civil war, though it has been a catalyst as much as a direct cause for the great migration of 2015. As before, they have come from all over the imperial periphery — from North Africa, from the Levant, from South Asia — but this time they have come in their millions.

It is conventional to say that the overwhelming majority of Muslims in Europe are not violent, and that is doubtless true. But it is also true that the majority of Muslims in Europe hold views that are not easily reconciled with the principles of our modern liberal democracies, including those… notions we have about equality between the sexes and tolerance not merely of religious diversity but of nearly all sexual proclivities. And it is thus remarkably easy for a violent minority to acquire their weapons and prepare their assaults on civilization within these avowedly peace-loving communities.

I do know that 21st-century Europe has only itself to blame for the mess it is now in. For surely nowhere in the world has devoted more resources to the study of history than modern Europe. When I went up to Oxford more than 30 years ago, it was taken for granted that in the first term of my first year I would study Gibbon. It did no good. We learned nothing that mattered. Indeed, we learned a lot of nonsense to the effect that nationalism was a bad thing, nation-states worse, and empires the worst things of all.

“Romans before the fall,” wrote Ward-Perkins in his “Fall of Rome,” “were as certain as we are today that their world would continue for ever substantially unchanged. They were wrong. We would be wise not to repeat their complacency.”
Poor, poor Paris. Killed by complacency.

Niall Ferguson is professor of history at Harvard University, a senior fellow of the Hoover Institution and author of “Kissinger, 1923-1968: The Idealist.’’

Comment: The problem of Europe described by Professor Ferguson is also that of the rest of the West, maybe to a lesser degree. The decline of the West may not be as drawn out as that of the West Roman Empire and later Byzantium. It might even be so that our complex societies could collapse in a much short time, perhaps before the year of 2100.

SWEDEN, TURKEY AND EU

November 17, 2015

Stockholm has a long tradition of relations with the Ottoman empire/Turkey. This was the case especially during the Great Northern War (1700 to 1721) but also during the rest of the 18th century.

When the Turkish Grand Vizier Mehemed Baltadshi marched out of Constantinople on 6 March 1711, leading an army of perhaps 80,000 soldiers, Swedish King Charles XII, in exile in Bendery (in the present Republic of Moldova then part of the Ottoman empire), was greatly relieved. His representatives at the court of Sultan Ahmed III had been working hard for a follow up of the Ottoman declaration of war in November 1710 against Russia. It had been the main reason for his stay in the northern outskirts of the Ottoman empire.

The policy of Charles XII, Ivan Mazepa (from the spring of 1710 his successor Hetman Pylyp Orlyk) and Hordienko during the forced exile in Bendery was to find Turkish aid against Russia. The Swedish mission in Constantinople worked hard to persuade Sultan Ahmed to take military action against Czar Peter. The goal was a formal Swedish-Ukrainian-Turkish-Crimean Tartar alliance.

The Sultan promised Charles an escort of 50,000 soldiers for the safe return home of the Swedes via Poland. The strategy would be to have a Turkish army invade Poland. At the same time a Swedish army would attack Poland from the west, from Swedish Pomerania, a Swedish territory in northern Germany. A Turkish attack in Ukraine would draw Russian troops from Poland leaving it less defended and Peter’s ally, King Augustus II, unsupported. Allied troops would then drive Augustus from Poland and replace him with the alliance supporter and Swedish ally, King Stanislaus I, and add Poland to the coalition aiming at containing Russia. Among the European powers, England, the Netherlands and the German emperor were at best neutral. The only supporter of the alliance was France.

Constantinople was now the center of intensive intrigue. On one side Swedish, French and Ukrainian diplomats attempting to persuade Turkey to join the alliance. On the other, hand Polish (loyal to King Augustus) and Russian representantives tried to prevent it. Targets of influence were the grand vizier and other high Turkish officials.

When the Turks in the spring of 1711 marched toward Ukraine from the southwest, Charles sent a Swedish military adviser to the Ottoman military forces in the east, Major General Karl-Gustaf Hard, an experienced cavalry fighter. Ismail Pasha had been detailed by the grand vizier to attack the Russian strongholds of Taganrog and Azov on the eastern shore of the Black Sea. 5,000 Ukrainians under Pylyp Orlyk, 4,000 Poles commanded by General Joseph Potocki (7) and 1,000 Swedes joined the Turkish forces.

Meanwhile in late spring 1711, 40,000 Crimean Tartars led by the son of the Crimean Khan with Swedish military adviser Major Sven Lagerberg moved northward into Ukraine to join the Turkish forces advancing from the southwest. Czar Peter’s 38,000 Russian troops now faced 170,000 alliance troops. On 11 July, 1711, Czar Peter found himself trapped on the banks of the river Pruth. The Russian army was low on provisions. The horses were unfed. Czar Peter, often prone to rages, according to a pro-Russian Danish source, was running around the camp tearing his hair.

Tsar Peter managed to get out of the trap at Prut and the grand alliance to contain Russia sought by Charles had collapsed. In the autumn of 1714 he rode north through Europe toward Sweden returning to fight new battles until he was killed by a bullet in the trenches outside the Norwegian fortress of Fredrikshald in 1718.

The good relations of Sweden with Turkey have continued in modern times. When Turkey sought membership in the European union in 1987 it was supported by Sweden. This support has continued consistently but the central powers of the European Union have been reluctant to seriously consider Turkey as member of the Union. For almost 30 years Ankara has been frustrated by Brussels dragging its feet in the matter membership for the Turks. One wonders if this might change after the refugee crisis in the fall of 2015?

NATIONAL SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM, AND JIHADISM

November 16, 2015

The terror attacks in the heart of Paris in November 2015 have demonstrated the West is under threat by a third barbarian ideology since 1917: a jihadism that has mass murder as weapon just as communism between 1917 and 1991 and national socialism between 1933 to 1945.

Linking the three main proponents in the 20th and 21st century of mass murder of foes (be it on class, racial or religious grounds) is a wortwhile study, as militant Islamic terrorists hope to kill thousands, may be millions of Westerners.

1. National Socialist Germany (1933 – 1945)

In 1992 Professor Rudolph J. Rummel published Democide: Nazi Genocide and Mass Murder. Rummel estimated that there were around 21 million victims, including around 6 million Jews in the Holocaust.

Actually national socialism was the second totalitarian ideology that promoted genocide and mass murder. The first had been communism.

2. Communism (from 1917)

The apperance of communism as the major political manifestation of the twentieth century has to be seen in tandem with the rise of fascism and nazism. In fact communism, fascism, and nazism were generically related, historically linked, and politically quite similar. They were all responses to the traumas of the industrial age, to the appearance of millions of rootless, first generation industrial workers. To the iniquities of early capitalism, and the newly acute sense of class hatred bred by these conditions. World War brought about the collapse of existing values and of the political order in Tsarist Russia and in Imperial Germany. It generated acute social tensions as well in newly industrialized Italy. All these gave rise to movements that rapped the concept of social justice around the message of social hatred and that proclaimed organized state violence as the instrument of social redemption.

The titanic war later waged between Hitler’s Germany and Stalin’s Russia has made many forget that the struggle between them was a fratricidal war between to strands of a common faith. To be sure, one proclaimed itself to be unalterably opposed to Marxism and preached unprecedented racial hatred; and the other saw itself as the only true offspring of Marxism on practicing unprecedented class hatred. But both elevated the State into the highest organ of collective action, used brutal terror as the means of exacting social obedience, and both engaged in mass murders without parallel in human history. Both also organized their social control by similar means, ranging from youth groups to neigborhood informers to centralized and totally censored means of mass communication. And, finally, both asserted that they were engaged in constructing all powerful ”socialist” states.” (Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Failure , 1989, pp. 6-7.

Professor Rummel has estimated that 62 million were murdered in the Soviet Union (1917 to 1987) and 35 million in communist China (1928-1949). The figure for China is more likely 80 million according to latest research.

3. Militant Islamic terrorism (1993 – )

It should be noted that the massmurders of national socialism and communism took place among Europeans. The United States was spared such violence. But from the 1990s Americans have been declared the main enemy of militant Islamic terrorism and according statements of Mullah Omar and Osama Bin Laden this would preferably take place on a massive scale using if possible ABC-weapons.

So far the terrorists have managed to kill between 3,000 and 4,000 Americans. A problem for the fundamentalist terrorists is of course that both in America and in European countries there are Arab immigrants that might also be killed in an attack as a side effect. That, however, does probably not bother the terrorists. Fundamentalist terror is presently also waged in a number of countries: Isil, mainly Hamas against Israel, Muslim terrorists (Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Toiba) against India in Kashmir, and against the Philippines by the Abu Sayyaf Group and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front.

Now is the time for serious research on the linkage between national socialism, communism, and jihadism as threats to civilization. There are links between radical islamists and national socialism. Some of Hitler’s warriors were radical Muslims (The Arab Legion).

War is endemic in Islam confirmed and approved by theory and religion. Conduct of foreign relations has traditionally been dealt with under the heading ”holy war”. Militant Islam has taken over that tradition of a permanent war between believers and non-believers. Ibn Khaldun, the 14th century Islamic macrohistorian, suggested that defeated Muslims were entitled to hope and plan for resumption of battle, however long it took to wait for a second round. The risk for the United States is that the present war on the West turns into a second Cold War, but with much more physical fighting than psychological warfare. Peace, in this framework, is dormant war and diplomacy a substitute for war. Treaties, such as Oslo, are to be regarded as diplomatic expedients only.

Hopefully Western politicians have now understood that the only way to stop jihadism is to destroy the bases in northern Syria and Iraq.

EN VÄSTLIG POLITISK-SUBVERSIV OFFENSIV MOT JIHADISTERNA

November 15, 2015

Han mottog 1983 av president Ronald Reagan presidentens frihetsmedalj, en hög amerikansk utmärkelse för civila. Vid ceremonin sa presidenten att Burnham på ett djupgående sätt hade påverkat det sätt varpå Amerika såg på sig självt och på världen. Friheten hade få större understödjare under århundradet än James Burnham.

För den åldrade New York-professorn och konservative strategen var medaljen ett kvitto på att hans förslag i en serie om tre böcker från 1947 till 1953 hade fått sitt genombrott under 1980-talet. Presidenten försäkrade att han under många år hade citerat Burnham under sina föredragsturnéer. (Av de tre böckerna The Struggle for the World, The Coming Defeat of Communism och Containment or Liberation? är två översatta och utgivna på svenska). Burnham avled 1987, fyra år innan det kalla krigets slut.

Ex-kommunisten Burnham ville bland annat att USA skulle hjälpa etniska minoriteter i Sovjetunionen att arbeta för att upplösa regimen i Moskva. Ett av hans förslag var att på ett dramatiskt sätt fokusera på kommunismens förföljelse av kristna. Det var också viktigt att i USA, Europa och Nordafrika skapa centra för flyktingar från Sovjetväldet. Yngre flyktingar kunde där utbildas för militär och paramilitär strid på sovjetiskt territorium. Inledningsvis behövdes en internationell kongress för stöd till befrielse av de folk som lydde under kommunistiskt tyranni. En främsta måltavla för västliga informationskampanjer mot kommunismen borde vara den sovjetiska makteliten. Denna fråga behandlade Burnham bland annat i sin promemoria ”The Strategy of the Politburo and the Problem of American Counter Strategy.”

Under president Kennewdy började USA och de västeuropeiska allierade att föra en politik, som gick ut på fredlig samlevnad med tyranniet i Kreml. Detta vänsterrecept var att man genom att hjälpa Sovjet till välstånd skulle regimen i Moskva liberaliseras.

När väl denna politik övergavs kom det dock inte att behövas några militära eller paramilitära åtgärder för att Sovjet skulle kollapsa.

För den intresserade finns det sedan i år ett amerikanskt strategiförslag, som bygger på erfarenheterna från det kalla kriget då det gäller bekämpandet av de globala jihadisterna. Detta strategidokument bygger på National Security Decision Directive 75 från januari 1983 (”Amerikanska relationer med Sovjetunionen”). Här redogörs på nio sidor för militär strategi, för ekonomisk krigföring, för politisk krigföring och geopolitiska överväganden i kampen för frihet för folken bakom järnridån. Det är tankesmedjan Center for Security Policy som publicerat frihetsstrategin för att besegra den globala jihadistiska rörelsen. Texten, ”The Secure Freedom Strategy” finns tillgänglig på centerforsecuritypolicy.org.

Huvudpunkterna är:

1. USA måste studera och förstå fienden och dess doktrin (sharia och jihad). Muslimska brödraskapet använder begreppet ”civilisationsjihad”, det vill säga ett subversivt försök att krossa den västliga civilisationen inifrån.

2. Det bör vara USA:s strategi att bekämpa och stoppa islamistisk civilisatorisk jihad.

3. ”Fred genom styrka” enligt den modell som tillämpades under 1980-talet behövs nu. Här gäller det bland annat att bygga upp ett starkt försvar mot cyberangrepp och andra assymetriska attacker.

4. På den ideologiska fronten måste framför allt det Muslimska brödraskapet identifieras och skildras som en jihadistisk organisation. Här krävs det en intensiv offensiv på internet och television.

5. Offensiva psykologiska och politiska operationer behövs liksom vid behov hemliga angrepp.

6. Ekonomisk krigföring är en central punkt. Det gäller att sätta stopp för jihadisternas intäkter (främst bidrag från vissa oljeproducerande länder).

7. Som nämnts i punkten 3 är det viktigt att bygga upp ett starkt försvar mot cyberangrepp från jihadistiska organisationer.

Avslutningsvis bör här nämnas ett det finns ett starkt behov av forskning för att avslöja och upplysa om tekniken taqiyya och kitman (list och vilseledning) i muslimsk tradition. Den tekniken tillämpas vid förhandlingar med de ”otrogna”. Överenskommelser med kristna stater i Väst är inte avsedda att vara varaktiga (här utgör förhandlingarna i Schweiz med Iran för att förhindra att kärnvapen tillverkas av regimen i Teheran ett exempel). Avtal är till för att brytas vid första lägliga tillfälle. Fred eller vapenstillestånd syftar enbart till att i lugn och ro kunna öka den egna styrkan och sedan angripa motparten med ännu större styrka vid första lägliga tillfälle. Jihad pågår för evigt till dess Islam segrat.

Här noteras att jihadistiska terrorister i sina träningshandböcker rekommenderar användningen av vilseledning.

Attentaten i november 2015 i Paris måste ses som ett militärt angrepp på Väst. USA och Europa måste svara militärt men det behövs också politisk krigföring enligt ovan nämnda modell.

THE END OF ‘ONE CHINA’?

November 15, 2015

Wall Street Journal on November 13, 2015, commented on the historic surprise meeting between Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou and the present communist leader of China, Xi Jinping. Excerpts below:

The unification of China and Taiwan has been the sacred mission of every Communist leader since Mao, including the current president, Xi Jinping. And though the idea of “One China” today commands virtually no popular support on Taiwan, which prizes its fledgling democracy, it nevertheless clings to life as a legacy within the Kuomintang, the party of the country’s current president, Ma Ying-jeou.

Not for much longer, though. As the political heirs of China’s wartime foes reached out for a historic handshake in a five-star Singapore tourist hotel, both men surely understood that “One China” as a common goal is now as good as dead.

Mr. Ma is a lame duck, nearing the end of two terms in office. His signature policy of economic opening to China has been spurned by angry young Taiwanese who stormed the legislature last year to block a trade bill.

Mr. Xi is impatient. The Taiwan question, he has said, “cannot be passed from generation to generation.” China had hoped that closer economic integration would hasten a political deal, but it hasn’t. Rather, it has made Taiwan’s 23 million people even more wary of falling under China’s authoritarian sway.

The U.S., Taiwan’s main military backer, is watching anxiously; China’s coastline bristles with rockets pointed at the island. Taiwan is the one festering problem that could realistically bring the U.S. and Chinese superpowers to war. Such a clash would be, as a recent Rand Corp. study noted, a “short, sharp and probably desperate affair.” Nuclear escalation couldn’t be ruled out, which is why, in part, the U.S. doesn’t explicitly guarantee Taiwan’s security. Would an American president ever risk Los Angeles for Taipei? Washington maintains a policy of “strategic ambiguity.”

Mr. Xi [might have been] polishing his credentials as a global statesman with a final flourish after being feted by President Barack Obama in the White House, dining with Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace and patching up ties with old foe Vietnam.

But there is another possible explanation. Maybe—just maybe—Mr. Xi designed his meeting with Mr. Ma as an icebreaker, a way to start regularizing top-level contacts…That would be a game-changer.

Such a shift might also reverberate among the Chinese population. Taiwan, after all, provides a democratic alternative for the Chinese-speaking world.

By agreeing to engage with Taiwanese leaders without the principle of “One China,” Mr. Xi would be acknowledging the values that Taiwan holds dear: its political pluralism, cultural diversity and everyday civility. These are qualities that millions of Chinese tourists who flock to Taiwan each year often remark upon—the qualities of a prosperous postindustrial society that is largely at peace with itself, if not with its giant neighbor.

Democracy has handcuffed the ability of any Taiwan leader to bargain with Beijing, although the Taiwanese certainly want friendly relations.

No less important, while most of the island’s residents are Han Chinese descendants of immigrants from the mainland, they have come to identify with Taiwan as their home. They have grown immune to ethnic appeals for national unity of the sort used by Mr. Xi in Singapore, where he said: “We are brothers still connected by our flesh even if our bones are broken.”

…the date that matters most to many Taiwanese isn’t 1949, when the Kuomintang began its exile, but 1945. That is the year that the Kuomintang, then the governing power in China, took over the island of Taiwan from Japan at the end of World War II.

The Japanese had ruled Taiwan as a colony for 50 years—and, by and large, had ruled it well.

The people of Taiwan, writes the China scholar Donald Rodgers, a professor at Austin College, “have no desire to unify with China—ever.” For them, relations with the mainland have reached a turning point. Increasingly, they reject the assumption that the “Taiwan question” is a family squabble among the Chinese. Instead, they see it as a political tug of war between two sovereign equals.

For the Taiwanese, it is unthinkable that they would allow soldiers of China’s People’s Liberation Army to be stationed on the island, as they now are in downtown Hong Kong. The alternative way that Chinese troops could get to Taiwan—an amphibious military landing, backed by air and missile strikes—is almost equally unimaginable, at least for now.

…to avoid any suggestion that the Singapore meeting was a state-to-state encounter, the two men addressed each other as plain “mister” rather than as “president.” And when Chinese state TV broadcast Mr. Ma’s news conference before he left for Singapore, it blacked out the tiny Taiwan flag he was wearing as a lapel pin.

The turbulent history of relations between the Communists and the Kuomintang suggests that we should expect wrenching twists and turns as China and Taiwan try to figure out a way to resolve the impasse. Consider the moment back in 1936 when one of Chiang’s own generals kidnapped him in the city of Xi’an and held him captive until he agreed to end civil-war hostilities against the Communists and collaborate with Mao’s forces against the Japanese invaders.

The so-called Xi’an incident altered Asia’s destiny: The Kuomintang’s armies fought most of the big battles against the Japanese, pinning down more than a million enemy troops who might otherwise have been deployed elsewhere, and hastening the end of the Pacific War. Meanwhile, the Communists husbanded their forces to be ready to renew the civil war.

Comment: Naturally ‘One China’ is an option. It is the possibility that democracy will come to all of China. Totalitarian regimes like the one on mainland China are prone to collapse. Most likely that collapse will come in the future. That will open the road to Chinese democracy.

HÅLLER SVERIGES REGERING PÅ ATT TAPPA KONTROLLEN?

November 14, 2015

För några år sedan varnade Riksrevisorerna, som är riksdagens kontrollorgan, för att det fanns allvarliga brister i regeringens beredskap inför hot mot livsviktiga samhällsfunktioner. Regeringen hade inte förberett någon nationell krisledning för extrema situationer.

Flyktingkrisen under hösten 2015 har visat att den nuvarande rödgröna regeringen har problem med att hantera den uppkomna situationen.

Den liberale professorn och senare chefredaktören för Dagens Nyheter, Herbert Tingsten, publicerade 1930 boken Regeringsmaktens expansion under och efter världskriget: studier över konstitutionell fullmaktslagstiftning (Gleerup, Lund). Den är i dag värd att studera närmare.

Få tror väl att det kommer att behövas ett beslut om undantagstillstånd, som beskrivs i professor Tingstens bok.

Regeringens planering för att lösa den nuvarande krisen lämnar dock mycket övrigt att önska.

Den svenska bostadsbristen är väl känd. Nu avslöjas de gångna årens oförmåga i huvudstaden att avhjälpa bristen. När det inte finns bostäder lär det vara svårt att få fram de nödvändiga bostäderna till nyanlända flyktingar. Sveriges rykte som humanitär stormakt är hotat.