The terror attacks in the heart of Paris in November 2015 have demonstrated the West is under threat by a third barbarian ideology since 1917: a jihadism that has mass murder as weapon just as communism between 1917 and 1991 and national socialism between 1933 to 1945.
Linking the three main proponents in the 20th and 21st century of mass murder of foes (be it on class, racial or religious grounds) is a wortwhile study, as militant Islamic terrorists hope to kill thousands, may be millions of Westerners.
1. National Socialist Germany (1933 – 1945)
In 1992 Professor Rudolph J. Rummel published Democide: Nazi Genocide and Mass Murder. Rummel estimated that there were around 21 million victims, including around 6 million Jews in the Holocaust.
Actually national socialism was the second totalitarian ideology that promoted genocide and mass murder. The first had been communism.
2. Communism (from 1917)
The apperance of communism as the major political manifestation of the twentieth century has to be seen in tandem with the rise of fascism and nazism. In fact communism, fascism, and nazism were generically related, historically linked, and politically quite similar. They were all responses to the traumas of the industrial age, to the appearance of millions of rootless, first generation industrial workers. To the iniquities of early capitalism, and the newly acute sense of class hatred bred by these conditions. World War brought about the collapse of existing values and of the political order in Tsarist Russia and in Imperial Germany. It generated acute social tensions as well in newly industrialized Italy. All these gave rise to movements that rapped the concept of social justice around the message of social hatred and that proclaimed organized state violence as the instrument of social redemption.
The titanic war later waged between Hitler’s Germany and Stalin’s Russia has made many forget that the struggle between them was a fratricidal war between to strands of a common faith. To be sure, one proclaimed itself to be unalterably opposed to Marxism and preached unprecedented racial hatred; and the other saw itself as the only true offspring of Marxism on practicing unprecedented class hatred. But both elevated the State into the highest organ of collective action, used brutal terror as the means of exacting social obedience, and both engaged in mass murders without parallel in human history. Both also organized their social control by similar means, ranging from youth groups to neigborhood informers to centralized and totally censored means of mass communication. And, finally, both asserted that they were engaged in constructing all powerful ”socialist” states.” (Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Failure , 1989, pp. 6-7.
Professor Rummel has estimated that 62 million were murdered in the Soviet Union (1917 to 1987) and 35 million in communist China (1928-1949). The figure for China is more likely 80 million according to latest research.
3. Militant Islamic terrorism (1993 – )
It should be noted that the massmurders of national socialism and communism took place among Europeans. The United States was spared such violence. But from the 1990s Americans have been declared the main enemy of militant Islamic terrorism and according statements of Mullah Omar and Osama Bin Laden this would preferably take place on a massive scale using if possible ABC-weapons.
So far the terrorists have managed to kill between 3,000 and 4,000 Americans. A problem for the fundamentalist terrorists is of course that both in America and in European countries there are Arab immigrants that might also be killed in an attack as a side effect. That, however, does probably not bother the terrorists. Fundamentalist terror is presently also waged in a number of countries: Isil, mainly Hamas against Israel, Muslim terrorists (Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Toiba) against India in Kashmir, and against the Philippines by the Abu Sayyaf Group and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front.
Now is the time for serious research on the linkage between national socialism, communism, and jihadism as threats to civilization. There are links between radical islamists and national socialism. Some of Hitler’s warriors were radical Muslims (The Arab Legion).
War is endemic in Islam confirmed and approved by theory and religion. Conduct of foreign relations has traditionally been dealt with under the heading ”holy war”. Militant Islam has taken over that tradition of a permanent war between believers and non-believers. Ibn Khaldun, the 14th century Islamic macrohistorian, suggested that defeated Muslims were entitled to hope and plan for resumption of battle, however long it took to wait for a second round. The risk for the United States is that the present war on the West turns into a second Cold War, but with much more physical fighting than psychological warfare. Peace, in this framework, is dormant war and diplomacy a substitute for war. Treaties, such as Oslo, are to be regarded as diplomatic expedients only.
Hopefully Western politicians have now understood that the only way to stop jihadism is to destroy the bases in northern Syria and Iraq.