Archive for the ‘ANTICOMMUNISM’ Category


June 20, 2017

Fox News on June 19, 2017, reported that North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un travels incognito in his poverty stricken Hermit Kingdom. It might be prudent for him to be careful. On June 20 media reported that American student Otto Warmbier had died as a result of torture in a North Korean prison camp. Excerpts below:

The 33-year-old, third-generation ruler is “extremely nervous” about a clandestine plot to take him out, according to a key South Korean lawmaker who spoke to The Korea Herald. Rep. Lee Cheol-woo, chairman of the South Korean parliament’s intelligence committee, made the claim based on reports from South Korea’s intelligence agency.

“Kim is engrossed with collecting information about the ‘decapitation operation’ through his intelligence agencies,” Lee said following a briefing last week.

The rumored “decapitation plan” to target Kim and key deputies in the event fighting broke out on the peninsula first surfaced in late 2015, when the U.S. and South Korea signed “Operation Plan 5015,” a joint strategy for possible war scenarios with North Korea. According to the Brookings Institute, the plan “envisions limited warfare with an emphasis on preemptive strikes on strategic targets in North Korea and “decapitation raids” to exterminate North Korean leaders.”

According to Lee, Kim’s is so frightened that he now disguises his movements, travels primarily at dawn and in the cars of his henchmen. Public appearances and jaunts in his prized Mercedes Benz 600 have been curtailed.

By January of this year, there were reports that South Korea was speeding up the creation of a specialized unit designed for this mission, initially slated to be ready by 2019.

“A U.S. special operations strike against Kim Jong Un in today’s conditions would make the bin Laden raid look easy,” said Mark Sauter, a former U.S. Army and special forces officer who operated in the Korean de-militarized zone during the Cold War and now blogs about the decades-long effort to defend South Korea at

“Pyongyang is surrounded by antiaircraft weapons, and while the corpulent Kim presents a large and sluggish target, he’s kept on the move, always surrounded by fanatical guards and often near or in complex underground compounds,” Sauter said.

Despite those potential challenges, Sauter suggests the North Korean leader “does need to worry about strikes by precision-guided missiles and bunker-buster bombs in the early stages of a preemptive allied attack, and if a conflict continues, everything from (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) to special operators will be on his tracks.”


June 18, 2017

Cuban freedom fighters were present in Little Havana (Miami) when the Cuba policy of the Republican administration was announced on June 16, 2017. President Donald Trump slammed Obama’s policy and put Castro on notice.

Among those honored in Miami were Mario and Miriam de la Pena, parents representing Mario Manuel de la Pena who was murdered by the Castro regime in 1996 at the age of 25. Freedom fighter de la Pena served as volunteer pilot for the operation Brothers to the Rescue. His plane was shot down by a Cuban MiG-29 over international waters, killing four.

It was a crime against humanity and violation of American law by the Cuban tyranny and condemned by the United Nations Security Council and the U.N. Commission on Human Rights. A Cuban spy in the United States had to the Castro regime revelead the flight plan of the rescue planes. After serving 16 years in an American prison the spy was allowed to return to Cuba, where he was celebrated.

Mirta Costa Mendez represented her brother Carlos Costa. He was among those humanitarian helpers who were shot down by Cuban Migs. Carlos Costa was another victim of the Brothers to the Rescue shootdown. Costa was 29 years old when he died.

Freedom fighter Antonio G. Rodiles is a Cuban dissident who works with dissident groups based in Miami. His advice to the Trump administration is to squeeze the government in Havana once and for all. Rodiles said that many Cubans share his views.

Rosa Maria Paya represented her father Oswaldo Paya. He was a Cuban democracy activist who was murdered by the Castro regime in 2012. A vehicular homicide was used to cover up this communist crime. His daughter is working to inform about the abuse and terror tactics of Raul Castro. For her work Paya has been subject to harassment herself.

Her activities include calling out the regime for the abuses of power and terror tactics it supposedly abandoned when Obama implemented his liberalizing policy.

Sylvia Iriondo is the president of Mothers and Women Against Repression. She has been critical of those who has supported Obama’s Cuba policy and the belief that a communist regime can self-liberalize. Irondio is wondering how any member of the Cuban-American community can fail to see the ongoing crimes of the Castro regime. Raul Castro is still ordering the killing of opponents and use of totalitarian techniques to remain in power.

Violinist Luis Haza began performing at the age of 11. His father was murdered by Fidel Castro when he was still a child. His family fled to Spain and continued to seek refuge in the United States. In a 2003 interview Haza said:“I had so much emotion pent up that music became my obsession. Since I could not express my feelings verbally, violin became my way of expression,” he said in a 2003 interview. For years he has been fighting for the cause of freedom for his native land.He is now able to express those feelings verbally, musically, and through tireless education and activism in the cause of freedom.

Once he was forced at gunpoint by the Castro regime to play music after refusing to participate in a command performance for Raul Castro. Instead he played the American national anthem, which he also played in Miami on June 16.

The freedom fighters Jorge Luis Garcia Perez and Bertha Antunez, a brother and sister, were also among those honored in Miami on June 16. Jorge Luis Garcia Perez was arrested in 1990 at the age of 24 for protesting the Castro regime and its discrimination against the Afro-Cuban minority. He served 17 years because he was refusing to attend “re-education”.

His sister Bertha Antunez has signed an open letter calling the Obama policy “little more than a string of unilateral concessions to a totalitarian dictatorship that has tirelessly repressed the Cuban people for the past 56 years.” She thinks the repression has increased in Cuba because the government believes that it can repress without reaction as Obama recognized the communist regime as a legitimate government.

Bertha Antunez received an award from the National Endowment for Democracy on behalf of a group of Cuban dissidents, including her father, in 2009. She did not at the time receive any message from President Obama in support of the award.


June 15, 2017

Den kristna nättidningen Inblick publicerade den 9 juni 2017 en artikel om några av de vänsterextremister som dömdes för terrorbrott på 1970-talet. De hade planer på att kidnappa justitieminister Anna-Greta Leijon. Av naturliga skäl vill de idag helst inte tala om sina brott. Utdrag nedan:

För drygt fyrtio år sedan, den 31 mars 1977, greps ett sjuttiotal vänsterextremister av Säpo.

Säkerhetspolisen hade nämligen avslöjat att den så kallade Kröcher-ligan hade avancerade terrorplaner på att kidnappa statsrådet Anna-Greta Leijon och placera henne i en bur.

Pia Laskar, i dag universitetslektor på Linköpings universitet, blev dömd till tre års fängelse i samband med det planerade kidnappningsdramat. Hon har än i dag kvar sina vänsterextrema uppfattningar.

Efter att ha avtjänat sitt fängelsestraff skrev hon en pamflett om anarkistisk feminism (Syndikalisternas förlag), som i efterhand rönt stor uppskattning bland vänsterintellektuella i Sverige.

Som universitetslektor vid enheten för genus med särskild inriktning mot kritiska sexualitetsstudier har hon i sin forskning och i sina böcker ifrågasatt heteronormen och lyft fram den samkönade sexualiteten.

Laskar var under åren 2008-2012 forskningsledare för projektet Homo-, bisexuella och transpersoners rättigheter.

Karl Gratzer, professor vid Södertörns högskola, som dömdes till tre månaders fängelse, vill [inte heller] tala om sitt engagemang kring Kröcher-ligan.

– Nej. Jag ger inte några intervjuer, det har varit ett missbruk i media av det här. Hej då!

Katarina Motzi Ekelöf var Norbert Kröchers andra svenska flickvän. Hon dömdes till två års fängelse och är i dag verksam som docent vid Linköpings och Uppsalas universitet, och har skrivit böcker som propagerar för alternativmedicin.

En som har valt att berätta är Anna-Karin Lindgren, som fick två års fängelse för sin medverkan i planerna på att kidnappa en svensk minister. Hon förklarar för Inblick att det i själva verket var hon som kom på idén att kidnappa Anna-Greta Leijon.

Hon var flickvän till terroristen Norbert Kröcher, som i sin tur var aktiv i 2-junirörelsen och hade starka band till Röda arméfraktionen (RAF).

Tillsammans genomförde paret bland annat ett bankrån i Bandhagen i Stockholm, men i dag ångrar hon sina vägval.

När Stasi-arkiven blev offentliga visade det sig att Baader Meinhof-ligan, eller RAF som den alltså […]hette, var finansierad och tränad av Stasi, och styrd från Moskva. Även 2 juni-rörelsen och flera andra medlemmar i Kröcher-ligan hade denna koppling.Anna-Karin Lindgren var själv medveten om att en av medlemmarna i Kröcher-ligan, Armando Carillo, var tränad i Nordkorea.

Två av de svenskar som dömdes för delaktighet i terrorplanerna lever inte längre: fil lic Lennart Warring, som dömdes till fyra och ett halvt års fängelse för bland annat förberedelse till människorov, grov stöld och föreberedelse till grovt rån, samt Eive Tungstedt, som skaffade sprängmedel och vapen. Tungstedt dömdes till sex månaders fängelse.


June 14, 2017

The Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation on June 9, 2017, reported that Dr. Mart Laar of Estonia had been bestowed the foundation’s Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom. Dr Laar is a historian, professor, and scholar who became the first official Prime Minister of Estonia’s Second Republic in 1992. Excerpts below:

Dr. Laar’s time in government was dedicated to…the implementation of free-market principles in the economy. During his first tenure as Prime Minister, from 1992 to 1994, Laar established a flat tax and took steps to privatize previously state-run industries and services…During his second term, he laid the groundwork for Estonia’s accession to the European Union and to NATO, which took place in 2004.

Dr. Laar’s scholarly œuvre is built on historical studies of the Estonian anti-Soviet resistance. His numerous books include War in the Woods: Estonia’s Struggle for Survival, 1944–1956, a history of the “Forest Brother” partisans who fought the Soviet occupation of Estonia, and The Power of Freedom, a history of Central and Eastern Europe after 1945.

Dr. Laar is involved in the International Committee for Democracy in Cuba, the Human Rights Foundation, and the International Advisory Council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. He is also a founding member of the Unitas Foundation. In addition to the Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom, Laar has received the Hungarian House of Terror museum’s Petőfi Prize and the Cato Institute’s Milton Friedman Prize for Advancing Liberty.

On receiving the Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom, Dr. Laar provided remarks to be read at VOC’s 10th Annual Commemoration and Roll Call of Nations Wreath Laying Ceremony by a representative of the Estonian government.

“Dear Friends,

I want to thank you for the Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom. This makes me extremely proud and happy as it is a recognition to my long-lasting commitment to study communist crimes and to honor their victims. Estonia and Estonians lived for decades under the rule of communism, so we know precisely what communism is. This is why our task is not to let it happen again. This demands that we all keep memory alive. In this work, we stand side by side with all freedom-loving people around the world. Let’s make the Museum of Communist Crimes happen—this is the most certain way to put communism on the ash heap of history.”


June 13, 2017

Washington Times on June 7, 2017, published a review of two new histories of the Russian revolution in 1917: ”Lenin on the Train” by Catherine Merridale (Metropolitan, 2017) and Sean McMeekin, ”The Russian Revolution: A New History” (Basic Books, 2017). Excerpts below:

In the spring of 1917, the German spy service sensed a sure-fire means of persuading Russia to make a separate peace and exit the Great War. Czar Nicholas II had abdicated in the face of mass protests that swept the streets of Petrograd, the then-capital, and signs of war-weariness were increasingly evident.

German eyes fell upon Vladimir Lenin, an aspiring Communist leader in exile for decades. He was considered to be a man of extraordinary ruthlessness — a “one-man demolition crew” who would wreck Russia’s war effort, in contrast with the moderates then in the vanguard of revolution.

…Lenin and selected followers would transit Germany in a sealed train that would be declared “an extraterritorial entity.” Once in Finland, smugglers would take them across to Petrograd.

The remarkable story of Lenin’s odyssey — and the bloody chaos he would inflict on the world — are told in the striking work by Catherine Merridale, a noted historian on the human consequences of the Soviet era…

A minor glitch arose at the border. Although a British intelligence estimate had written off Lenin and friends as “fanatical and narrow minded,” and of no particular danger, a British agent at the border argued against letting them continue. Finnish authorities insisted that a country had the right to admit its own citizens, so Lenin passed into Russia.

Within an hour of his arrival, Lenin gave a fiery two-hour speech denouncing the “piratical imperialist war” and the moderates who were forming an interim government. His program was so extreme that Pravda, the party organ, refused to print it. No matter; his oratory provided the expected spark.

Further, Lenin’s pockets sagged with German gold. He spent millions of dollars on propaganda aimed at convincing Russian troops to stop fighting. (The energetic Mr. McMeekin unearthed long-hidden files on secret German financing that escaped destruction).

Lies have long shelf lives: A million Russian rubles went to leftist writer John Reed for his acclaimed 1919 book “Ten Days That Shook the World,” which in 1981 was the basis for Warren Beatty’s historically laughable movie “Reds.”

In short order, Lenin added a new ingredient to what had begun, more or less, as a grass-roots revolution. His contribution was terror — directed first at the relatively moderate leadership he replaced but rapidly expanded to include anyone who objected to his harshness. Lenin opted for terror to cleave away opponents — and he continued that course long after the government he established was on a secure footing.

Was Germany’s decision to return Lenin to Russia a valid strategy? Winston Churchill gave backhanded approval in acknowledging “the desperate stakes” facing Germany. But he added, “Nevertheless it was the most grisly of all weapons. They transported Lenin in a sealed truck like a plague bacillus from Switzerland to Russia.”

In the end, the totalitarian state that Lenin created carries responsibility for uncountable millions of deaths — many of them his own people who he perceived as enemies.

Two superb reads, and in the end, tragic ones: of how a demagogue shaped world history for the worst for almost a century.

Joseph Goulden writes frequently on intelligence and military affairs.

Comment: In 1917 the Bolshevik secret police, Cheka, was established and revolutionary tribunals started convicting “enemies of the revolution. Trotsky in 1918 called for the creation of outdoor prisons (concentration camps (kontslagers) in remote regions. This was the beginning of the Gulag.

Lenin’s head of the Cheka, Felix Dzerzhinsky, in July 1918 said: ““Terror is an absolute necessity during times of revolution. … We judge quickly. In most cases only a day passes between the apprehension of the criminal and his sentence.”

From an order by Vladimir Lenin: “Hang (hang without fail, so the people see) no fewer than one hundred kulaks, rich men, bloodsuckers… the people will see, tremble, know, shout: they are strangling and will strangle to death the bloodsucker kulaks.” (Richard Pipes, ed., The Unknown Lenin: From the Secret Archive, Yale University Press, 1996, p. 50).

Lenin cited by Dmitri Volkogonov, Lenin: Life and Legacy, HarperCollins, 1994, p. 203:
“Russians are too kind, they lack the ability to apply determined methods of revolutionary terror.”

Vladimir Lenin: “It is precisely now and only now, when in the starving regions people are eating human flesh, and hundreds if not thousands of corpses are littering the roads, that we can (and therefore must) carry out the confiscation of church valuables… The greater the number of representatives of the reactionary clergy and reactionary bourgeoisie we succeed in executing for this reason, the better.” (Richard Pipes, ed., ”The Unknown Lenin: From the Secret Archive”, Yale University Press, 1996, pp. 152-4).

McMeekin in his important new history of the Russian revolution writes that Lenin wanted not revolution but civil war: the goal was not revolution but civil war, and he got it. “Lenin’s imperative was to transform the ‘imperialist war’ into a civil war.” McMeekin notes however that things could have gone the other way. Had the Western allies been more willing to support the anticommunist forces fighting the Bolsheviks and listened to Winston Churchill, Lenin could have been stopped. The author of ”The Russian Revolution” shows how devious and brutal Lenin was.

In his 2008 book ”The World’s Greatest Heist” McMeekin revealed why the Bolsheviks were victorious in the Civil War that followed the 1917 coup d’etat . Based on undiscovered materials from the Soviet Ministry of Finance and other European and American archives the author reveals how the Bolsheviks financed their aggression through thievery: cash savings of private citizens to gold, silver, diamonds, jewelry, icons, antiques, and artwork. Soviet financial transactions accomplished history’s greatest heist between 1917 and 1922 and turned centuries of accumulated wealth into the sinews of class war. The Swedish social democratic government played an important role in helping the Soviets to sell stolen gold in the West to finance its civil war in Russia.

Professor McMeekin is emerging as one of the leading experts on the criminal and terrorist policy of the early Soviet leaders. His books are must reads for anybody who wants to understand the rise of genocidal marxism-leninism in Russia.


May 19, 2017

Washington Times on May 16, 2017 reported on the sharp criticism of North Korea by U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley, who accused North Korea on intimidating the world with its nuclear program, military ability and cyberattacks. Any country that did not implement U.N. sanctions was supporting Pyongyang’s actions. Excerpts below:

“No one is immune to the threat of North Korea,” she told reporters on May 16…

“We’re not going to continue to just say go ahead and test as often as you want,” Haley said, flanked by the South Korean and Japanese ambassadors. “This is a true threat to every country in the world. … We’re going to make sure we put the pressure on them economically, diplomatically, politically and internationally.”

Haley said the U.S. and China have been working on “a unified plan” on how to approach North Korea that would include stronger implementation of existing sanctions and tougher new sanctions.

She indicated Washington and Beijing had agreed they would take action if a new test looked to be long range and leaning toward an intercontinental ballistic missile that could reach the United States. The latest launch appeared to fulfill both criteria, Haley said, “so I believe that China will stay true to that…

The Security Council, which has imposed six rounds of sanctions on the North, discussed possible further action at the meeting. Haley previously indicated that new sanctions could target oil, a critical import for North Korea mainly from China, and she said the U.S. also wanted sanctions on organizations and businesses in third countries that are helping Pyongyang.

Haley: “What about North Korea intimidating us? They’re intimidating the entire international community. They’re trying to strengthen their muscle with no cause. There is no reason for North Korea to be having these actions outside of the fact they just choose to do so.”

Haley also said North Korean leader Kim Jong Un is “paranoid” and thinks that the United States is trying to promote regime change and that there are people trying to assassinate him.

“We’re not trying to do any of those things,” she said. “What we are saying is that for peace on the Korean peninsula, he has to stop his testing. He has to stop any nuclear programs that he has. The U.S., we are willing to talk – but not until we see a total stop of the nuclear process and any tests there.”

Comment: Ambassador Haley is of course correct when she said that the United States is not involved in regime change. It is however important that the United States, South Korea and Japan inform more about the human rights violations in North Korea. Kim Jong Un must also be put under more pressure. Further sanctions need to target oil deliveries to the Pyongyang regime. More information must be released on the cooperation between North Korea and Iran in the development of ballistic missiles.

Public identification of all North Korean and foreign banks, businesses, and government agencies suspected of violating U.N. resolutions is another important step. Also freezing and seizing the financial assets of any North Korean and foreign person, company, or government entity violating U.N. resolutions and U.S. or international law.

All banks, businesses, and governments should reciprocate U.S. actions against North Korean and foreign violators.

North Korea has for many years been involved in illegal activities, including currency counterfeiting and drug smuggling. U.S. law enforcement carried out actions in 2005 against Pyongyang’s accounts in Banco Delta Asia. These actions were highly effective and should now be used again.

The actions mentioned above have been suggested by the American Heritage Foundation. Other actions (also on the foundation list) could be designating North Korea as a primary money-laundering concern such as the U.S. Treasury previously designated Iran.

A move on North Korean financial institutions’ correspondent accounts in the U.S is a further recommendation by the foundation in Washington DC. A U.N. Panel of Experts has concluded that North Korean transactions continue to be mostly in “United States dollars from foreign-based banks and transferred through corresponding bank accounts in the United States.”

All foreign companies, financial institutions, and governments assisting North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs should be sanctioned and identified. North Korea should be charged as a currency counterfeiter.


May 17, 2017

Fox News on May 15, 2017, published a commentary by Harry J. Kazianis, Director of Defense Studies at the US Center for the National Interest on the worsening North Korea situation. Mr. Kazianis presents three recommendations for containing Kim Jong Un’s atomic aspirations. Excerpts below:

The First Korean War—largely forgotten by the American public and the planet—tragically took the lives of 2.5 million people. A potential Second Korean War, with both sides armed with nuclear weapons, could turn cities like Seoul, Tokyo and soon Los Angeles into atomic ash heaps…

…let there be no doubt, Saturday’s missile test won’t be the last. To build a viable nuclear weapons arsenal and missiles to carry them to a target Kim must test them repeatedly.

And despite decades of dramatic ups and downs, patience has paid off for Pyongyang. Even with an economy smaller than Ethiopia, the Kim regime possesses around 12-20 nuclear weapons and can add to that stockpile every six or seven weeks.

Pyongyang has [also] amassed as much as 5,000 tons of chemical weapons and the means to sling them all over Asia. Combined with an army of over 1 million men, 4,300 tanks and thousands of pieces of artillery and rocket launchers that could lob shells into Seoul—a metro area of 25 million people, the most densely populated on the planet—North Korea has all the awful ingredients to start a conflict not seen since the end of World War II.

[The dictator] already murders his own people daily with 200,000 of them in what can only be described as Nazi-style death camps. He has killed any rival that stands in his way, doing whatever it takes to survive.

There are three immediate steps the Trump administration can take to contain North Korea’s atomic aspirations.

First, the U.S. must do all it can to ensure that Pyongyang receives no outside help for its missile or nuclear weapons programs. Tough secondary sanctions should be applied to any country, corporation, bank or person that considers it acceptable to help North Korea build such worrisome weapons. A precedent must be set: if you wish to help the roguest of rogue states build weapons of mass destruction you will pay the highest of prices.

Second, America, along with its allies, must do everything they can to setback the North Korean nuclear and missile programs as much possible while also increasing the costs to develop more advanced technologies. The Trump administration must use cyber technology—malware, viruses etc. …to frustrate North Korea’s scientists at every turn. With various outlets reporting such efforts are likely underway, a top-down review should be conducted to ensure we are fully utilizing cyber against North Korea as much as possible.

Third, and most important, the Trump administration must build up regional and homeland missile defenses to nullify Pyongyang’s growing arsenal. THAAD not only must remain in South Korea but also be deployed to Japan. U.S. missile defense systems in Alaska must also be expanded dramatically—a recent plan by Senator Dan Sullivan calling for a 30 percent increase in interceptors there should be implemented.

Comment: The three steps recommended by Mr. Kazianis would be helpful for curtailing the development of North Korean missiles that can carry nuclear weapons. The main question is however how it is possible for a poor country like North Korea to carry out an extensive nuclear arms program. The only explanation is that it is receiving funds from China. More pressure on the communist regime in Beijing is needed to stop the transfer of funds to North Korea. The United States also has to provide more information on how missile technique is transferred from Iran to North Korea and on the growing North Korean chemical weapons stockpiles.


May 16, 2017

Fox News on May 15, 2017, reported that North Korea could be behind recent global cyberattack. Excerpts below:

Cyber security researchers said on May 15 that they may be able to link North Korea to the unprecedented global cyberattack that earlier in May took more than 300,000 computers hostage in 150 countries.

Symantec and Kaspersky Lab said that some of the code used in the version of the WannaCry software had also been used in programs run by the North Korea-linked Lazarus Group.

“This is the best clue we have seen to date as to the origins of WannaCry,” Kurt Baumgartner, a researcher at Kaspersky Lab, told Reuters.

The researchers said it was too early to confirm that Pyongyang was behind the cyberattacks. The researchers said they would have to study the code more.

The May 12 attack is believed to be the biggest online extortion attack ever recorded, spreading chaos by locking computers that run Britain’s hospital network, Germany’s national railway and scores of other companies, factories and government agencies worldwide.

Homeland Security officials told Fox News on Monday that a “limited number” of U.S. companies were hit by the WannaCry malicious software.


May 14, 2017

Fox News on May 11, 2017, reported that the Central Intelligence Agency had opened a mission center with the sole task to monitor North Korea. Excerpts below:

Many of the details about the center are not yet known. It is led by an unnamed CIA veteran, who was tapped as the new assistant director for Korea. The CIA offshoot will work closely with the intelligence and national security community, the agency said.

“Creating the Korea Mission Center allows us to more purposefully integrate and direct CIA efforts against the serious threats to the United States and its allies emanating from North Korea,” CIA Director Mike Pompeo said in a statement. “It also reflects the dynamism and agility that CIA brings to evolving national security challenges.”

The opening of the mission center comes as tensions between the U.S. and North Korea increased over the last few months.


May 14, 2017

Fox News on May 14, 2017, reported that the White House said that the rogue regime of North Korea had been a ’flagrant menace for far too long’. The statement was in response to the latest North Korean ballistic missile launch on May 13. Excerpts below:

President Trump “cannot imagine that Russia is pleased with North Korea’s latest test because the missile landed close to Russia soil. The statement pointed out that the missile landed closer to Russia than to Japan.

The White House said the U.S. maintains its “ironclad commitment” to stand with its allies in the face of the serious threat posed by North Korea, and added that the latest “provocation” should serve as a call for all nations to implement far stronger sanctions against the North.

South Korea’s Yonhap News Agency reported the missile traveled about 435 miles.

The launch is the first in two weeks since the last attempt to fire a missile ended in a failure just minutes into flight.

The isolated regime attempted but failed to test-launch ballistic missiles four consecutive times in the past two months but has conducted a variety of missile testing since the beginning of last year at fast pace.

Comment: North Korea is to a great extent a creation of the Soviet empire. Between 1946 and 1984 an estimated US$4.75 billion was provided to the North Korean regime. Almost 46 percent was from the Soviet Union. China aid was about 18 percent, and the rest from East European communist countries. Two thirds of the assistance was in the form of loans. The rest were grants.

Between 1949 and 1990, the Soviet Union helped North Korea build or rehabilitate around 170 large plants in sectors such as power, mining, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, chemicals, construction materials, oil-refining, machinery, textiles, food, transportation, and communications. During the same period, these plants reportedly produced about 60 percent of all electric power, 40 percent of steel and rolled steel, 50 percent of oil products, 10 percent of coke, 13 percent of fertilizers, 19 percent of fabrics, and 40 percent of iron ore. Soviet assistance also was important in the construction of expanded port facilities at Najin.

Korean communists were aided by the Soviets after 1917. Kim Il Song had been in Soviet Russia from 1941. He and his followers were trained and indoctrinated there until they returned to Korea with the Soviet army. The North Korea Communist Party branch was established with Kim as first secretary. Through front organizations the communists in South Korea staged a number of strikes and riots. In June 1950 the regime in Pyongyang with active Soviet military aid launched the Korean War. The communists in South Korea failed to mobilize guerrillas to fight with the North Korean military and its Soviet advisers. The United Nations/American Inchon landing in September 1950 prevented the unification of Korea under communist rule.

After the fall of the Soviet regime in 1991 China has been the main provider of aid to North Korea, which is an ally of China. All efforts of reunification has failed since the end of the Korean War. The present American administration is the first willing to seriously confront the aggressive stance of North Korea. It is important that further sanctions are introduced against Pyongyang. A German style unifaction of the two Koreas is the preferred solution. In the 1990s the cost to South Korea was estimated at more than 400 billion US dollars and is in 2017 much higher. North Korea poses an ever increasing ’existential threat’ to the United States, South Korea and Japan.