Archive for June, 2016

JAMES WOOLSEY: OBAMA ADMINISTRATION NOT ‘CALLING IT STRAIGHT’ ON TERRORISM

June 30, 2016

Washington Times on June 29, 2016, reported that former CIA Director James Woolsey criticized the Obama administration’s reluctance to assess the scope of the threat of radical Islamic terrorism in straightforward terms. Excerpts below:

“The administration has a narrative, and they follow the narrative, and if something doesn’t fit with the narrative, they fiddle around with it until it looks like it fits with the narrative,” Mr. Woolsey said on WMAL radio’s “Mornings on the Mall,” while discussing the June 28 terrorist attack on an airport in Istanbul.

Mr. Woolsey’s remarks came after WMAL co-host Brian Wilson asked him to react to a soundbite from CIA Director John Brennan’s recent congressional testimony, wherein Mr. Brennan warned that “our efforts have not reduced [ISIS’s] terrorism capability and global reach, and the group would have to suffer even heavier losses on territory, manpower and money for its terrorist capacity to decline significantly.”

“I think he was calling it straight, and the administration is not,” Mr. Woolsey said. “It’s good that he and other leaders, some of our military leaders, have been, I think, even more explicit. And they’re right. We cannot prevail just by doing what the Obama administration has been doing. And the Obama administration is causing a big problem by not talking clearly about what we are doing.”

Comment: The Obama administration’s handling of the terrorist threat to the United States is coming under severe criticism. The terrorist attacks continue and at the same time the Democratic leadership declares that Middle Eastern terrorist organization are almost defeated. The situation in Europe is similar. The number of terrorist attacks is growing. The June 28 attack on the Istanbul Atatuerk Airport occurred in an strategically important NATO country. Firmer measures are needed both from the United States and from European countries.

Meanwhile Secretary of State John Kerry faced swift criticism on June 29 for suggesting the terror attack at Istanbul’s Ataturk Airport was evidence the Islamic State is getting “desperate” – an assessment one top Republican official said “defies reality.”

House Homeland Security Committee Chairman Mike McCaul, R-Texas, slammed the secretary’s assessment:

They’ve said they’re on the run for many years, and they’re not,” McCaul told Fox News. “I think the airstrikes have ramped up external operations … This is an unprecedented pace of terror in modern times. And so to say they’re on the run … absolutely defies reality.”

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OBAMA AND CLINTON UNDER PRESSURE FOR BENGHAZI FAILURE

June 29, 2016

Fox News on June 29, 2016, reported on the 800-page Benghazi report blaming a “rusty bureaucratic process” for the Obama administration’s slow-moving response the night of the attack. The report said that despite orders from President Obama and then-Defense Secretary Leon Panetta to deploy assets in response to the attack on the compound to aid Ambassador Chris Stevens, his staff and security personnel, the first military force did not do so until more than 13 hours after the attack started. Excerpts below:

Republican committee members — let by Chairman Trey Gowdy, R-S.C. — insisted their work was not political.

“Read the report,” Gowdy repeatedly said.

“You can read this report in less time than our fellow citizens were taking fire and fighting for their lives on the rooftops and in the streets of Benghazi,” he also said in a written statement.

The report faulted the Obama administration for a range of missteps before, during and after the 2012 attacks in Benghazi, Libya that led to the deaths of Stevens, foreign service officer Sean Smith and former Navy SEALs Ty Woods and Glen Doherty.

The report said one anti-terrorism security team known as the FAST unit sat waiting for three hours in Rota, Spain, as Marines changed “in and out of their uniforms four times,” and even debated whether they should carry personal weapons, according to one witness. All together, the report said, “it would take nearly 18 hours” for that team to move.

The report described a web of internal debates and hold-ups, including apparent State Department guidance that “Libya must agree to any deployment,” though Panetta would later say Libya approval was not necessary.

The report also said Clinton told the Egyptian prime minster they knew the attack had nothing to do with the film and was a planned attack – despite statements being made by her and others referencing the video.

Lawmakers contrasted the “heroism” of those on the ground with the discussions in Washington. Rep. Peter Roskam, R-Ill., described the D.C. attitude as “near fecklessness.” He said, “They were more concerned about how they’re going to offend the Libyan government than how this rescue is going to take place.”

The report also showed:

During a White House meeting convened roughly three hours into the attack, “much of the conversation focused on the video.”

The forces that came to evacuate State Department and CIA officers that night were not fellow Americans, but a secret unit of former military officers from the Qaddafi regime, which the Obama administration had helped overthrow.

“Security deficiencies plagued the Benghazi Mission compound in the lead-up to September 2012.”

Panetta told the committee “an intelligence failure” occurred, while former CIA Deputy Director Michael Morell also acknowledged an intelligence failure.

CONGRESSMAN MIKE POMPEO (R) OF KANSAS ON BENGHAZI: NO LEADERSHIP FROM OBAMA AND CLINTON

June 29, 2016

Congressman Mike Pompeo (R) of Kansas on June 28, 2016, reported on the release of the report of The Select Committee on Benghazi. Pompeo has served since its inception two years ago:

We have completed the most in-depth investigation into the events that took place before, during, and after the attack on the State Department facility at Benghazi. My Committee colleague Congressman Jim Jordan and I also write separately, drawing important conclusions from the facts brought to light by the Committee’s work.

I had the chance to speak with news outlets from KQAM’s Joseph Ashby Show to ABC’s Good Morning America. We spoke about the Committee’s report, along with my additional report with Congressman Jordan. Specifically, we discussed this Administration’s failure to respond adequately on the night of Benghazi and the cover up that followed. Ultimately, Hillary Clinton and President Obama put politics before the American people. Contrary to what the Clinton campaign has repeated over and over again, help might have been able to get to the American facilities at Benghazi, Libya, but the administration did not even try. They say the test of any leader is the 3 AM phone call—Hillary Clinton had hers and failed.

This afternoon I spoke with ¬¬¬KAKE in Wichita, the Blaze, and WIBW in Topeka. The fact is that when we might have been able to save American lives, no action was taken. Blaming a non-existent protest for the death of four Americans may be politically expedient, but it is morally reprehensible. Making excuses after the fact is even worse. We now know that Secretary Clinton was saying one thing to the Administration and her closest allies, while saying something entirely different to the American public—including the mothers and fathers of four dead Americans.

Kansans expect more. We expect our leaders to do their best to protect Americans who are doing dangerous work in dangerous places on our behalf. We expect that they will move heaven and earth when American lives are in danger. And we now know exactly what difference does it make to have leaders lead.

After two long years serving on the Select Committee on Benghazi, I wish I could tell you that we uncovered everything. Because of the Obama administration’s obstruction, we did not. But we now know this: Americans deserved better on the night of September 11, 2012 in Benghazi.

SOVJETVÄNNEN (S) SOM FÖRSTÖRDE SVENSKA SKOLAN

June 27, 2016

Kristianstadsbladet publicerade den 27 juni 2016 en betydelsefull kommentar om den svenska skolan. Den utgår från en ny bok av Lundaprofessorn Inger Enkvist. Ett utdrag ur artikeln kan läsas nedan:

Enkvists nya bok heter ”De svenska skolreformerna 1962-1985 och personerna bakom dem” (Gidlunds förlag). Den beskriver de beslut och de personer som lyckats sänka kunskapsnivån i den moderna skolan. Den borde bli obligatorisk läsning för alla i utbildningsdepartementet – särskilt för skolministern Fridolin; han kan behöva en bok, ibland. Den är lättläst och omfattar bara 250 sidor.

Den genomgående tendens Enkvist finner är att skolan de senaste 70 åren blivit ett system mer för politisk styrning av barnen än för utbildning. 1946 års skolkommission avstyrkte en differentiering eftersom det skulle gynna de mer teoretiskt begåvade eleverna.

Stellan Arvidson konstruerade enhetsskolan, som sedan blev grundskolan. Han var marxist och ordförande i Föreningen Sverige-DDR. Han var också aktiv i Förbundet Sverige-Sovjetunionen.

Arvidson och Alva Myrdal ingick i 1957 års skolkommission. Den ville avskaffa realskolan med argumentet att alla elever inte behandlades likvärdigt – det vill säga de fick inte samma betyg. Det centrala i skolan skulle vara personlighetsfostran, inte kunskaper.

Eleverna skulle fostras till socialistiska individer, inte lära sig gamla kunskaper.

Anta att alla är exakt lika; då får vi automatiskt jämlikhet. Anta att alla trots skillnader vill vara jämlika; då strävar alla efter detta mål. Men anta att människor har olika preferenser. Då gör de skilda val. Och det är då jämlikhetspolitiken blir nödvändig, om människor ska tvingas in i den mall som staten bestämt. Tvånget blir jämlikhetens förutsättning.

Kommentar: Den svenska skolan har nu hamnat i händerna på en ny Stellan Arvidson. Den miljöpartistiske skolministern är inte socialist av svensk normalmodell. Han står högst sannolikt till vänster om (s) och nu är det dags för en ny omgång av nedgång för den svenska skolan.

Det kan finnas anledning påminna litet om den svenska skolans huvudförstörares bakgrund. 1985 citerade Stellan Arvidson i ett tal vid en Freds- och Solidaritetsafton i Medborgarhuset i Stockholm den östtyske kommunistpartichefen Erich Honecker:

Den svenske skolreformatorn lovordade med Honeckers ord det sovjetiska planhushållningssystemet. Där utnyttjades, sade Arvidson, alla resurser, där fanns inga kriser, ingen arbetslöshet…

Enda utvägen för ”det kapitalistiska systemet” var våld och krig. Nu var folkets fredsrörelse viktigare än någonsin.

År 1969 belönades den socialdemokratiske skolreformatorn Arvidson med ett hedersdoktorat i Östtyskland. Resten av sitt liv tackade han för utmärkelsen genom att i Sverige berömma den östtyska diktaturen.

Från 1968 till 1987 var Arvidson ordförande i Förbundet Sverige-DDR. Han efterträddes de sista åren innan den östtyska kollapsen av biskop Lars Carlzon. Varken Arvidson eller Carlzon arbetade för Stasi. Politiker och kulturpersonligheter behövde inte skriva på någon förbindelse. De fungerade som värdefulla kontakter och dörröppnare och belönades därefter.

SEN. BOB CORKER ON BREXIT

June 26, 2016

Politico on June 26, 2016 reported on Tennessee Sen. Bob Corker’s comments on CNN that the Brexit vote reflects a similar sentiment in the United States…

“Almost the entire establishment in the UK was in the ‘remain’ camp. Look, there’s something in our society, it’s happening in Western societies, where there’s tremendous anxiety over economic stagnation, the whole issue of refugees and immigration that’s changing the context of countries and then this faceless bureaucracy that’s not really responding to people,” said Corker.

The Tennessee Republican defended Trump’s Scotland press conference, calling it “one of his best events,” when Trump said the falling pound would help his golf business…

Corker also said he’s “meticulously stayed out” of whether the Brexit vote is a wise development, but he added that he’d be “less than honest if I didn’t say that this creates for me some anticipation and a degree of excitement in that if seeing what has happened there can cause Western civilization, if you will, to realize that the direction we are going is not a good direction.”

The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee criticized President Barack Obama’s comments in April about any future United Kingdom trade agreement falling to the “back of the queue,” calling them “sophomoric threats.”

“I don’t imagine the people of the UK appreciated much another president from another country weighing in,” he said. “The fact is, if anything, my guess is the response of the American people is going to be to draw closer to Great Britain, to United Kingdom, or whatever is left of that.”

Comment: It should be noted that Corker in the CNN interview commented on the direction Western civilization is taking. It is not he good direction, he says.

It should in this connection be noted that there is economic stagnation in the West and growing unease about the Islamist terrorist threat to both the United States and Europe. For 8 years the Obama administration has been ignoring the advice followed by the United States since the Second World War. It is the advice by Yale Professor Nicholas Spykman, a leading classical geopolitical thinker, that the Eurasian rim is the key to Western security. As a result of the present weakness of the United States the West is today challenged by three aggressive empires: autocratic Russia, semi-totalitarian China and theocratic Iran/Persia, the latter an ancient enemy. Voters around the Atlantic Ocean are worried and protesting against the lack of response by Western bureaucracies to the increasingly strong challenges to the West by the three empires. Iran/Persia is the leading supporter in the Middle East of Islamist terrorism. Other parts of the West like for example Australia and Israel have reason to be especially concerned.

BERTIL HAGGMAN, “SWEDISH CENTER-RIGHT ANTICOMMUNISM 1963 – 1991 – NOTES BY A PARTICIPANT”

June 25, 2016

Bertil Haggman’s 2015 book (Kindle Direct Publishing) is timely. Since Nykonservatismen i USA (New Conservatism in the United States) in 1971 (with Claes G Ryn) the author has closely studied the political development in the United States.

An important breakthrough in the study of anti-communism in the United States was Professor Richard Gid Powers’ Not Without Honor (1995). It was superbly written and richly detailed. Moreover it restored the struggle against communism to its historic place in American life. The anticommunist movement in America was composed of a wide range of Americans – Jews, Protestants, blacks, Catholics, union leaders, businessmen and conservatives. Their struggle was rooted in knowledge and experience with the Communist system.

During the Cold War the United States militarily was under siege on many fronts at home and worldwide.

The new book treats anticommunism in a small country between 1963 and 1991. Leftist demonstrators at that time called for a socialist revolution both in the United States and Europe.

Haggman defended freedom and democracy in Asia during those dark days. He worked with South Vietnam’s Information Office in Stockholm, Sweden, to explain why Ho Chi Minh should be defeated.

This first volume of Bertil Haggman’s political memoirs will be followed by three more volumes. The story about Swedish center-right anticommunism needs to be told.

Below is a list of contents of Swedish Center-Right Anticommunism 1963 – 1991 – Notes by a Participant :

 

Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 History of Anticommunism in the West – A Few Examples

Chapter 3 The Lack of Swedish Studies of Center-Right Anticommunism during the Cold War

Chapter 4 Notes Concerning a Study of Center-Right Anticommunism in Sweden from 1963 to 1991

The Inform Group in Lund 1963 – 1964

The Baltic Committee (Baltiska kommittén)

Committee for a Free Asia (Kommittén för ett fritt Asien)

Foundation for Conflict Analysis (Stiftelsen för konfliktanalys)

European Freedom Council (EFC; Europeiska frihetsrådet)

Military & Subversive Threat Analysis (MISTA) – A Northern Newsletter

The Global Communist Genocide – An Introduction

Government Blacklisting of Swedish Anticommunists during the Cold War

Researching the Swedish Communist Party

Supporting Anticommunist Freedom Fighters around the World

Democratic Alliance (Demokratisk allians)

The Foundation and Magazine Contra (Stiftelsen och tidskriften Contra)

The New Tuesday Club (Nya Tisdagsklubben)

The Magazine Arguments for Freedom and Right (Tidskriften Argument för Frihet och Rätt)

Association Fighting Democracry (Förbundet Kämpande Demokrati; FKD)

Critical Information Activities on the Operations of the East German intelligence Service Stasi in Scandinavia

Conclusions

Bertil Haggman: Short Biographical Note

COLD WAR SWEDEN’S WEAK IRREGULAR DEFENSE PLANNING

June 23, 2016

Swedish businessman Alvar Lindencrona (1910 – 1981) according to journalist and author Mikael Holmström (b. 1955; ”Den dolda alliansen : Sveriges hemliga NATO-förbindelser”, paperback edition, 2015) was the leading figure of preparations for guerrilla warfare against the Soviets. The departments in the rudimentary organization called Stay Behind were according to Holmström:

First Department (military) Anders Grafström, Swedish Army

Second Department
(evacuation routes and exile Swedish bases) Thede Palm, Military Intelligence

Third Department (political and psychological warfare)      Unknown

Lindencrona was until 1964 with Thule Insurance Company and on the board of Saab-Scania. He also worked for the International Chamber of Commerce. Holmström names business executive Curt Steffan Giesecke (1921 – 2016) as his successor.

Meetings of the organization were held in an office in Stockholm and in Lindencrona’s private apartment. Social Democrat Prime Minister Tage Erlander (1901 – 1979) initiated the organization and successive social democratic ministers were in the political leadership of the small guerrilla warfare group. Other leading members of the leadership were trade union boss Arne Geijer (1910 – 1979) and the Director of the Employers Organization Bertil Kugelberg (1900 – 1991).

Military officers involved were among others Sune Gladh and Gunnar Areskoug. In 1996 Reinhold Geijer (1915 – 2009) went public on Swedish TV to reveal his involvement in the guerrilla command. He had been active in northern Sweden in the hotel business.

There were possibly five regional subgroups. The total organization personnel has been estimated at 50 to 150. General Carl Erik Almgren (1913 – 2001) estimated membership at 300 – 400. Outside support for the guerrilla organizations in the Scandinavian countries came mainly from the United Kingdom.

There has so far been no parliamentary investigation in Sweden of the group. This in a country that claims to be open and democratic. The Swedish guerrilla war preparations during the Cold War seem more like the order of the Prussian king for partisan and guerrilla warfare in 1813 against the French occupiers of Prussia and the rest of Germany. Nothing came out of it as guerrilla resistance cannot be ordered from above.

EN VÅLDSREVOLUTIONÄR HYLLAS PÅ TIDNINGARNAS KULTURSIDOR

June 16, 2016

En större nordöstskånsk dagstidning rapporterade den 16 juni 2016 att den berömde vänsterrevolutionäre skådespelaren Sven Wollter under hösten avsåg att lyckliggöra Skåne med ett avskedsbesök (”Wollter vinkar ett kärleksfullt farväl”). När det under det Kalla kriget begav sig ville Wollter och hans partikamrater störta den svenska regeringen med våld.

Ett omfattande stöd kom Wollters parti till del från det kommunistiska Albanien. Det var då en liten isolerad ö även i den av kommunisterna kontrollerade delen av Europa. Landet höll under diktatorn Enver Hoxha (som avled 1985) ihärdigt fast vid en gammaldags stalinistisk marxism-leninism. Även sedan såväl Sovjetunionen som Kina övergivit denna urmodiga form av marxism-leninism. Landet var det fattigaste i Europa och det mest isolerade. De begränsade resurserna användes bland annat till att bygga bunkersystem runt om i landet. Detta fattiga och efterblivna land satsade efter förhållandena stora resurser på att hålla västeuropeiska ”broderpartier” vid liv.

I Sverige gick pengarna bland annat till Kommunistiska Förbundet Marxist-Leninisterna (KFML). I arkiven i Tirana finns idag kvittona på transaktionerna tillgängliga för den som vill granska vad som hänt. Utbetalningarna till Wollter och hans vänner är från Albanska Kommunistpartiets Centralkommitté.

Det för närvarande dokumenterade albanska stödet till svenska kommunistpartier 1967–1986 (siffrorna avser US dollar) var:

Resebidrag för till Albanien inbjudna personer från marxist-leninistiska grupper och turister 27 105
Resebidrag och understöd till den svenske vänsterpropagandisten Nils Anderson och hans familj 17 735
Utgifter för Nils Andersons propagandaverksamhet 17 000
Andra utgifter för propaganda och för anställda vid Radio Tirana 12 870
Summa 74 710.

Den kände marxisten och ekonomiprofessorn Bo Gustafsson fick en resa till Tirana betald av ”Solidaritetsfonden”:

Albanska Arbetarpartiet Centralkommittén Tirana den 13 juli 1972
Finansavdelningen PPSH

Vi medger härmed att från Solidaritesfonden utbetalas medel för resekostnader för B. Gustafsson till Albanien med flyg Stockholm-Tirana.

Behar Shtylla

Tänk om Wollter hade varit nationalsocialist. Då hade tonen på dagstidningarnas kultursidor varit en annan.

ISLAMIC STATE SLEEPER CELLS IN EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES

June 14, 2016

The Daily Mail newspaper in the United Kingdom on November 24, 2014, reported that according to Dimitri Bontinck IS was ready to unleash war on Europe using sleeper cells. Bontinck is a British army veteran renowned for rescuing youths from Islamic State. He is known as the ‘Jihadi Hunter’. Excerpts below:

Bontinck said to the Daily Mail:

It’s not the kids who are the principal danger – it’s the chiefs whom you never see in the videos. The mature men running this organization are deeply sinister, and extremely well-funded, and they have European countries such as Britain, France and Belgium in their sights.

He added:

Their aim is to take revenge against the west for what they view as an all-out assault on them, and they will strike when they are ready. I’ve been told by very influential sources that they have sleeper cells over here, and are preparing to unleash their war in Europe.’

Mr Bontinck, a Belgian national who is based in Antwerp, has completed seven missions to Syria to help rescue his son, 19-year-old Jejoen, along with other youths in the same position.

My greatest help has come from the French, Bontinck said, who are very proactive in getting their people out. They do a lot of their dealings through Qatar.

The massively wealthy Arab country has close links with France despite – controversially – being accused of indirectly funding IS as an enemy of Syrian president Bashar Al-Assad.

On potential attacks, the Belgian said, could range from a ‘lone wolf’ beheading in a crowded shopping centre or street, to a bomb plot using fertiliser stolen from farms.

Comment: The recent radical Islamist mass killing in Orlando, Florida, in June 2016 is a sign that there are also sleeper cells in the United States. The policy of the present American administration seems to mainly limited to drone strikes. It is the same policy that was used by the Clinton administration. The only difference was in the 1990s that instead of drones the administration used cruise missiles.

In an editorial in National Review recently the editors wrote that “It’s Time for a Long-Term Strategy to Utterly Crush Islamic Terrorism”:

The U.S. can no longer treat the Islamic State, a resurgent al-Qaeda, and other terrorist organizations as distant enemies. Islamic terrorists’ war on us has returned to American shores, and it will continue here as long as we refuse to exercise the tactics necessary to stamp it out.

This administration has refused to craft a coherent plan for defeating our enemies abroad, preferring to engage in small, disconnected missions on an as-needed basis. It is time for a long-term strategy. As long as terrorists have sanctuaries in which they can train, and from which they can recruit, Americans will continue to live under threat.

TERRORISM – VÅR TIDS KRIGFÖRING

June 13, 2016

Sedan början av 1970-talet har juristen och författaren Bertil Häggman studerat internationell terrorism. Efter flera forskningsresor till Förenta Staterna och dåvarande Västtyskland publicerade han år 1978 boken ”Terrorism – vår tids krigföring”. Den fick ett flertal positiva recensioner främst i facktidskrifter. Vänsterdominerade dagstidningar avstod ofta från att recensera. Författaren hade under Vietnamkriget, som avslutades 1975 med seger för den kommunistiska regimen i Hanoi, stött frihet och demokrati Asien. Det var inte precis en attraktiv ståndpunkt i Sverige på slutet av 1970-talet.

Inledningsvis konstaterade jag i boken att politisk terrorism . motiverat våld i politiskt syfte – hade blivit vår tids krigföring. Utpräglad vänsterterror för att underminera västligas demokratier var på 1970- och 1980-talen det största hotet: Baader-Meinhof-ligan, japanska Förenade Röda Armén, de palestinska terrorgrupperna med sovjetiskt stöd men även separatistorganisationer som irländska IRA och ETA i Spanien.

Sedan 2001 är det islamistiskt heligt krig som gäller. Islamiska staten, som erövrat stora landområden i Syrien och Irak, är 2016 den mest pådrivande kraften. Terroristerna i Syrien och Irak har dock haft en rad motgångar under året. I juni 2016 var det dock dags för det blodigaste terrordådet i USA sedan terrorangreppen i New York. En amerikan, vars föräldrar kommer från Afghanistan, dödade 50 barbesökare i Orlando, Florida.

Det kommer med all sannolikhet att bli betydligt värre inte bara i USA utan även i Europa. I min bok 1978 varnade jag för kärnvapenterrorism: kärnvapenbluffar, stöld av kärnvapen eller plutonium, radioaktiv nedsmutsning av ett symboliskt mål, spridning av plutonium och kärnvapen i tätbefolkade områden. Under de över 30 åren sedan boken publicerades har det nya hotet tack och lov inte blivit verklighet. Det betyder dock inte att det försvunnit. Den extrema iranska regimen har med all säkerhet inte övergivit planerna för att förinta Israel med atombomber.

1978 skrev jag i boken ”Terrorism – vår tids krigföring”:

Denna bok kommer ut alldeles för sent. Den borde ha publicerats redan i början av 1970-talet, då jag började mina studier av fenomenet terrorism…Det nya i våra dagars terrorism ligger i brutaliseringen, användandet av modern teknik på vapnens och kommunikationernas områden. De moderna, högteknologiska industrisamhällena med demokratiska politiska system är mycket särbara. Små grupper av terrorister kan förlama den politiska beslutsprocessen i ett land med förhållandevis enkla medel.

USA och Europa har dock visat sig vara tämligen motståndskraftiga men har då lyckats undvika allt för omfattande angrepp mot infrastrukturerna. Väst står med all sannolikhet inför ett ökande hot från internationell terrorism. Det kan ta sig olika uttryck bland annat i form av asymmetrisk krigföring med stöd av en diktatur.